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Open AccessArticle

Refrigeration Performance and Entropy Generation Analysis for Reciprocating Magnetic Refrigerator with Gd Plates

by Yonghua You 1,2,3,*, Zhongda Wu 1,2,3, Yong Yang 3, Jie Yu 3, Dong Zhang 3 and Zhuang Zhang 3
1
State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
2
National-Provincial Joint Engineering Research Center of High Temperature Materials and Lining Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
3
School of Material and Metallurgy, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2018, 20(6), 427; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20060427
Received: 19 April 2018 / Revised: 19 May 2018 / Accepted: 29 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy Generation and Heat Transfer)
In the current work, a novel 2D numerical model of stationary grids was developed for reciprocating magnetic refrigerators, with Gd plates, in which the magneto-caloric properties, derived from the Weiss molecular field theory, were adopted for the built-in energy source of the magneto-caloric effect. The numerical simulation was conducted under the conditions of different structural and operational parameters, and the effects of the relative fluid displacement (φ) on the specific refrigeration capacity (qref) and the Coefficient of Performance (COP) were obtained. Besides the variations of entropy, the generation rate and number were studied and the contours of the local entropy generation rate are presented for discussion. From the current work, it is found that with an increase in φ, both the qref and COP followed the convex variation trend, while the entropy generation number (Ns) varied concavely. As for the current cases, the maximal qref and COP were equal to 151.2 kW/m3 and 9.11, respectively, while the lowest Ns was the value of 2.4 × 10−4 K−1. However, the optimal φ for the largest qref and COP, and for the lowest Ns, were inconsistent, thus, some compromises need be made in the optimization of magnetic refrigerators. View Full-Text
Keywords: reciprocating magnetic refrigerator; Gd plate; refrigeration performance; entropy generation; 2D numerical simulation reciprocating magnetic refrigerator; Gd plate; refrigeration performance; entropy generation; 2D numerical simulation
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You, Y.; Wu, Z.; Yang, Y.; Yu, J.; Zhang, D.; Zhang, Z. Refrigeration Performance and Entropy Generation Analysis for Reciprocating Magnetic Refrigerator with Gd Plates. Entropy 2018, 20, 427.

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