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Searching for Chaos Evidence in Eye Movement Signals

Institute of Informatics, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2018, 20(1), 32;
Received: 4 November 2017 / Revised: 27 December 2017 / Accepted: 29 December 2017 / Published: 7 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research Frontier in Chaos Theory and Complex Networks)
Most naturally-occurring physical phenomena are examples of nonlinear dynamic systems, the functioning of which attracts many researchers seeking to unveil their nature. The research presented in this paper is aimed at exploring eye movement dynamic features in terms of the existence of chaotic nature. Nonlinear time series analysis methods were used for this purpose. Two time series features were studied: fractal dimension and entropy, by utilising the embedding theory. The methods were applied to the data collected during the experiment with “jumping point” stimulus. Eye movements were registered by means of the Jazz-novo eye tracker. One thousand three hundred and ninety two (1392) time series were defined, based on the horizontal velocity of eye movements registered during imposed, prolonged fixations. In order to conduct detailed analysis of the signal and identify differences contributing to the observed patterns of behaviour in time scale, fractal dimension and entropy were evaluated in various time series intervals. The influence of the noise contained in the data and the impact of the utilized filter on the obtained results were also studied. The low pass filter was used for the purpose of noise reduction with a 50 Hz cut-off frequency, estimated by means of the Fourier transform and all concerned methods were applied to time series before and after noise reduction. These studies provided some premises, which allow perceiving eye movements as observed chaotic data: characteristic of a space-time separation plot, low and non-integer time series dimension, and the time series entropy characteristic for chaotic systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: eye movement; nonlinear time series analysis; chaotic behaviour eye movement; nonlinear time series analysis; chaotic behaviour
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Harezlak, K.; Kasprowski, P. Searching for Chaos Evidence in Eye Movement Signals. Entropy 2018, 20, 32.

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