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Open AccessArticle

Fractional-Order Grey Prediction Method for Non-Equidistant Sequences

by Yue Shen, Bo He and Ping Qin *
College of Information Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carlo Cattani
Entropy 2016, 18(6), 227; https://doi.org/10.3390/e18060227
Received: 11 May 2016 / Revised: 6 June 2016 / Accepted: 8 June 2016 / Published: 14 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wavelets, Fractals and Information Theory II)
There are lots of non-equidistant sequences in actual applications due to random sampling, imperfect sensors, event-triggered phenomena, and so on. A new grey prediction method for non-equidistant sequences (r-NGM(1,1)) is proposed based on the basic grey model and the developed fractional-order non-equidistant accumulated generating operation (r-NAGO), and the accumulated order is extended from the positive to the negative. The whole r-NAGO deletes the randomness of original sequences in the form of weighted accumulation and improves the exponential law of accumulated sequences. Furthermore, the Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm is used to optimize the fractional order. The optimal r-NGM(1,1) can enhance the predicting performance of the non-equidistant sequences. Results of three practical cases in engineering applications demonstrate that the proposed r-NGM(1,1) provides the significant predicting performance compared with the traditional grey model. View Full-Text
Keywords: fractional order; non-equidistant sequence; grey model; accumulated generating operation; prediction fractional order; non-equidistant sequence; grey model; accumulated generating operation; prediction
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Shen, Y.; He, B.; Qin, P. Fractional-Order Grey Prediction Method for Non-Equidistant Sequences. Entropy 2016, 18, 227.

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