# Generalized Boundary Conditions for the Time-Fractional Advection Diffusion Equation

## Abstract

**:**

## 1. Introduction

## 2. Different Kinds of Boundary Conditions

#### 2.1. The Classical Diffusion Equation

**J**to the concentration gradient:

**x**

_{S}being a point at the surface S.

**J**

_{e}from the environment, then at the boundary we have:

**n**is the outer unit normal to the surface S.

**n**is the common normal at the contact surface.

#### 2.2. The Standard Advection Diffusion Equation

**v**= const. Equation (13) can be interpreted in terms of diffusion or heat conduction with additional velocity field

**v**as well as in terms of Brownian motion, transport processes in porous media, groundwater hydrology, etc. [39–44]. The specification of boundary conditions for the advection diffusion Equation (13) with taking into account the constitutive Equation (12) for the matter flux gives the following kinds of conditions. The Dirichlet boundary condition (4) with the given value of the concentration at the surface of a body remains unchanged. The prescribed boundary value of the matter flux yields:

#### 2.3. The Time-Fractional Diffusion-Wave Equation

#### 2.4. The Time-Fractional Advection Diffusion Equation

## 3. Generalized Conditions of Nonperfect Contact

_{1}and S

_{1}between the intermediate domain and the corresponding body, the conditions of perfect diffusive contact are fulfilled:

_{1}and R

_{2}be the principal radii of curvature of the median surface. If $h/{R}_{1}<<1$ and $h/{R}_{2}<<1$, then a thin shell is obtained which allows us to reduce a three-dimensional problem in the intermediate layer to a two-dimensional one for the median surface. Thus we introduce the mixed coordinate system (ξ,η,z), where ξ and η are the curvilinear coordinates in the median surface and z is the normal coordinate ( $-h\le z\le h$), see Figure 1.

_{Σ}is the surface Laplace operator, ∇

_{Σ}denotes the surface del operator taking effect along a surface.

_{1}and Θ

_{2}is similar to introducing the stress resultants (forces and moments) in the theory of thin elastic shells. The interested reader is referred to the extended literature on this subject (see, for example, [54–57]). From Equation (41) we obtain:

_{0}on the coordinate z and proceed to the limit h→0 keeping ${\rho}_{\mathrm{\Sigma}}=2h{\rho}_{0}$, ${\kappa}_{\mathrm{\Sigma}}=2h{\kappa}_{0}$, ${R}_{\mathrm{\Sigma}}=2h/{\kappa}_{0}$ and ${v}_{\{n)\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}\mathrm{\Sigma}}={v}_{(n)0}/(2h)$constant. It should be noted that more general polynomial dependence of the concentration c

_{0}on the coordinate z or the operator method can also be used (see [58,59]). As a result we obtain the generalized boundary conditions at the median surface Σ (see Figure 2):

## 4. Conclusions

**v**alters the convective mass transfer coefficient H. The transition region between two phases has been considered as a distinct phase having its own reduced characteristics (the reduced mass density ${\rho}_{\mathrm{\Sigma}}$, the reduced diffusive conductivity ${\kappa}_{\mathrm{\Sigma}}$, the reduced diffusive resistance ${R}_{\mathrm{\Sigma}}$, and the reduced drift parameter ${v}_{(n)\mathrm{\Sigma}}$ of the median surface), and the generalized conditions of nonperfect contact have been obtained.

## Conflict of Interest

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Povstenko, Y.
Generalized Boundary Conditions for the Time-Fractional Advection Diffusion Equation. *Entropy* **2015**, *17*, 4028-4039.
https://doi.org/10.3390/e17064028

**AMA Style**

Povstenko Y.
Generalized Boundary Conditions for the Time-Fractional Advection Diffusion Equation. *Entropy*. 2015; 17(6):4028-4039.
https://doi.org/10.3390/e17064028

**Chicago/Turabian Style**

Povstenko, Yuriy.
2015. "Generalized Boundary Conditions for the Time-Fractional Advection Diffusion Equation" *Entropy* 17, no. 6: 4028-4039.
https://doi.org/10.3390/e17064028