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Open AccessArticle

A Novel Risk Metric for Staff Turnover in a Software Project Based on Information Entropy

by Rong Jiang 1,2
1
School of Information, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics, Kunming 650221, China
2
School of Software, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China 
Academic Editor: Raúl Alcaraz Martínez
Entropy 2015, 17(5), 2834-2852; https://doi.org/10.3390/e17052834
Received: 12 March 2015 / Revised: 20 April 2015 / Accepted: 27 April 2015 / Published: 4 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Information Theory, Probability and Statistics)
Staff turnover in a software project is a significant risk that can result in project failure. Despite the urgency of this issue, however, relevant studies are limited and are mostly qualitative; quantitative studies are extremely rare. This paper proposes a novel risk metric for staff turnover in a software project based on the information entropy theory. To address the gaps of existing studies, five aspects are considered, namely, staff turnover probability, turnover type, staff level, software project complexity, and staff order degree. This paper develops a method of calculating staff turnover risk probability in a software project based on the field, equity, and goal congruence theories. The proposed method prevents the probability of subjective estimation. It is more objective and comprehensive and superior than existing research. This paper not only presents a detailed operable model, but also theoretically demonstrates the scientificity and rationality of the research. The case study performed in this study indicates that the approach is reasonable, effective, and feasible. View Full-Text
Keywords: staff turnover; risk metric; software project; information entropy staff turnover; risk metric; software project; information entropy
MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, R. A Novel Risk Metric for Staff Turnover in a Software Project Based on Information Entropy. Entropy 2015, 17, 2834-2852.

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