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Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics Inspired by Modern Information Theory

1
Atomic and Laser Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX 1 3PU, UK
2
Center for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore
Entropy 2013, 15(12), 5346-5361; https://doi.org/10.3390/e15125346
Received: 17 August 2013 / Revised: 22 October 2013 / Accepted: 14 November 2013 / Published: 3 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maxwell’s Demon 2013)
A collection of recent papers revisit how to quantify the relationship between information and work in the light of modern information theory, so-called single-shot information theory. This is an introduction to those papers, from the perspective of the author. Many of the results may be viewed as a quantification of how much work a generalized Maxwell’s daemon can extract as a function of its extra information. These expressions do not in general involve the Shannon/von Neumann entropy but rather quantities from single-shot information theory. In a limit of large systems composed of many identical and independent parts the Shannon/von Neumann entropy is recovered. View Full-Text
Keywords: non-equilibrium statistical mechanics; single-shot information theory; Maxwell’s daemon non-equilibrium statistical mechanics; single-shot information theory; Maxwell’s daemon
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Dahlsten, O.C.O. Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics Inspired by Modern Information Theory. Entropy 2013, 15, 5346-5361.

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