Algorithmic Relative Complexity
AbstractInformation content and compression are tightly related concepts that can be addressed through both classical and algorithmic information theories, on the basis of Shannon entropy and Kolmogorov complexity, respectively. The definition of several entities in Kolmogorov’s framework relies upon ideas from classical information theory, and these two approaches share many common traits. In this work, we expand the relations between these two frameworks by introducing algorithmic cross-complexity and relative complexity, counterparts of the cross-entropy and relative entropy (or Kullback-Leibler divergence) found in Shannon’s framework. We define the cross-complexity of an object x with respect to another object y as the amount of computational resources needed to specify x in terms of y, and the complexity of x related to y as the compression power which is lost when adopting such a description for x, compared to the shortest representation of x. Properties of analogous quantities in classical information theory hold for these new concepts. As these notions are incomputable, a suitable approximation based upon data compression is derived to enable the application to real data, yielding a divergence measure applicable to any pair of strings. Example applications are outlined, involving authorship attribution and satellite image classification, as well as a comparison to similar established techniques. View Full-Text
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Cerra, D.; Datcu, M. Algorithmic Relative Complexity. Entropy 2011, 13, 902-914.
Cerra D, Datcu M. Algorithmic Relative Complexity. Entropy. 2011; 13(4):902-914.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cerra, Daniele; Datcu, Mihai. 2011. "Algorithmic Relative Complexity." Entropy 13, no. 4: 902-914.