Special Issue "Climate Change and Human Health"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Health".
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2018
Prof. Dr. Jan C. Semenza
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Tomtebodavägen 11A, 171 83 Stockholm, Sweden
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Interests: climate change; infectious disease epidemiology; public health; HIV; TB; climate change adaptation; emerging infectious diseases; health inequalities
Climate change is here to stay, at least for the foreseeable future, even with immediate reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. A multitude of climate change impacts have already been documented, particularly those on the hydrologic cycle, cryosphere, ecosystems, biodiversity, agriculture, forests, oceans, etc. Climate change impacts in the health sector have also been recognized; they often manifest themselves as an extension or amplification of existing vulnerabilities. Some of these health endpoints include heat-related mortality and morbidity, respiratory diseases, mental health, drowning, vector-, food- or waterborne diseases. Moreover, indirect socio-economic effects that can result in malnutrition, homelessness, refugees, etc. can also have serious health consequences. However, the field suffers from a number of challenges; specifically, the question of attribution presents a number of methodological hurdles. While extreme weather events can statistically be linked to climate change, quantifying the contribution of climate change on individual events is problematic, no less the relative contribution of climate change to the disease burden.
This special issue in IJERPH aims to advance the field of human health impacts of climate change with topical contributions. It aims to synthesise some of these public health issues but also to address the technical challenges. This issue welcomes both quantitative and qualitative studies and is intended to include papers that measure, monitor and describe health impacts. Of particular interest are decision-support tools for identifying and prioritizing risks through surveillance, vulnerability, impact and adaptation assessments. Interventions on climate-sensitive health risks are also of interest, particularly rigorous cost-effectiveness, program, and process evaluations. Monitoring environmental precursors of disease can be used as early warning for health threats and the application of these tools is of great interest to public health practitioners. Thus, this special issue prioritizes research papers over review papers, unless there is an obvious gap in the literature. This special issue on Climate Change and Human Health represents an effort to capture current developments in the field and provide a forum for cutting edge contributions to the literature.
Prof. Dr. Jan C. Semenza
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Title: Beyond singular climatic variables – identifying the dynamics of wholesome thermo-physiological factors for human thermal comfort and health during hot-dry Mediterranean summers
Authors: A. Santos Nouri, I. Charalampopoulos, A. Matzarakis
Abstract: Located within consolidated urban environments, the importance of human thermal comfort and health is continually growing across numerous interdisciplinary fields. As a result, local bioclimatic assessments of human thermo-physiological stress within the public realm are becoming continually more paramount to ensure a safe and prosperous urban public realm in an era of potential climate change. Centred upon hot-dry Mediterranean summer climates, this study assesses climatic data that was extracted from Lisbon’s meteorological station between the years of 2012 and 2016. Focused upon the summer period, existing outdoor human thermal comfort levels, that are already prone to extreme heat stress thresholds, were evaluated. Such an assessment was rooted upon identifying the relationship and discrepancies between singular climatic variables (such as ambient temperate (Tamb)); and adapted thermo-physiological indices (such as the modified Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (mPET)) which consider the influence of non-temperature variables, such as radiation fluxes. In addition, default Urban Canyon Case studies (UCCs) were utilised to supplement how both differ, and influence one another, especially under extreme weather conditions such as Heat Waves Events (HWE), and Very Hot Days (VHD). The results of the study focus upon how bioclimatic assessments can present more accurate evaluations and estimations of local human Physiological Stress (PS). Such an identification suggests ways in which the measurement and monitoring of human comfort and health can be undertaken through bottom-up local action to both existing, and future aggravations of our climate system.
Keywords: human thermal comfort; physiologically equivalent temperature; urban canyon cases; climate change, mediterranean climate