Next Article in Journal
Generational Differences in Work-Family Conflict and Synergy
Next Article in Special Issue
Focusing Resource Allocation-Wellbeing as a Tool for Prioritizing Interventions for Communities at Risk
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Electronic Cigarette Use (Vaping) Topography and Estimation of Liquid Consumption: Implications for Research Protocol Standards Definition and for Public Health Authorities’ Regulation
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(6), 2515-2543; doi:10.3390/ijerph10062515
Article

A Cross-Sectional, Randomized Cluster Sample Survey of Household Vulnerability to Extreme Heat among Slum Dwellers in Ahmedabad, India

1
, 2,3
, 2,3
, 3,4
, 3,4
, 3,5
, 2,3
 and 1,3,6,*
Received: 12 May 2013; in revised form: 5 June 2013 / Accepted: 7 June 2013 / Published: 18 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [813 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Extreme heat is a significant public health concern in India; extreme heat hazards are projected to increase in frequency and severity with climate change. Few of the factors driving population heat vulnerability are documented, though poverty is a presumed risk factor. To facilitate public health preparedness, an assessment of factors affecting vulnerability among slum dwellers was conducted in summer 2011 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Indicators of heat exposure, susceptibility to heat illness, and adaptive capacity, all of which feed into heat vulnerability, was assessed through a cross-sectional household survey using randomized multistage cluster sampling. Associations between heat-related morbidity and vulnerability factors were identified using multivariate logistic regression with generalized estimating equations to account for clustering effects. Age, preexisting medical conditions, work location, and access to health information and resources were associated with self-reported heat illness. Several of these variables were unique to this study. As sociodemographics, occupational heat exposure, and access to resources were shown to increase vulnerability, future interventions (e.g., health education) might target specific populations among Ahmedabad urban slum dwellers to reduce vulnerability to extreme heat. Surveillance and evaluations of future interventions may also be worthwhile.
Keywords: heat; climate change; India; vulnerability heat; climate change; India; vulnerability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Tran, K.V.; Azhar, G.S.; Nair, R.; Knowlton, K.; Jaiswal, A.; Sheffield, P.; Mavalankar, D.; Hess, J. A Cross-Sectional, Randomized Cluster Sample Survey of Household Vulnerability to Extreme Heat among Slum Dwellers in Ahmedabad, India. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 2515-2543.

AMA Style

Tran KV, Azhar GS, Nair R, Knowlton K, Jaiswal A, Sheffield P, Mavalankar D, Hess J. A Cross-Sectional, Randomized Cluster Sample Survey of Household Vulnerability to Extreme Heat among Slum Dwellers in Ahmedabad, India. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(6):2515-2543.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tran, Kathy V.; Azhar, Gulrez S.; Nair, Rajesh; Knowlton, Kim; Jaiswal, Anjali; Sheffield, Perry; Mavalankar, Dileep; Hess, Jeremy. 2013. "A Cross-Sectional, Randomized Cluster Sample Survey of Household Vulnerability to Extreme Heat among Slum Dwellers in Ahmedabad, India." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 6: 2515-2543.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert