Next Article in Journal
IAServ: An Intelligent Home Care Web Services Platform in a Cloud for Aging-in-Place
Next Article in Special Issue
Risk Factors, Health Effects and Behaviour in Older People during Extreme Heat: A Survey in South Australia
Previous Article in Journal
How Do Grass Species, Season and Ensiling Influence Mycotoxin Content in Forage?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Extreme Heat and Health: Perspectives from Health Service Providers in Rural and Remote Communities in South Australia
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(11), 6096-6105; doi:10.3390/ijerph10116096
Review

Impediments to Comprehensive Research on Climate Change and Health

Received: 8 October 2013; in revised form: 31 October 2013 / Accepted: 6 November 2013 / Published: 12 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [251 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |   Browse Figure
Abstract: During every climatic era Life on Earth is constrained by a limited range of climatic conditions, outside which thriving and then surviving becomes difficult. This applies at both planetary and organism (species) levels. Further, many causal influences of climate change on human health entail changes—often disruptive, sometimes irreversible—in complex system functioning. Understanding the diverse health risks from climate change, and their influence pathways, presents a challenge to environmental health researchers whose prior work has been in a more definable, specific and quantitative milieu. Extension of the research agenda and conceptual framework to assess present and future health risks from climate change may be constrained by three factors: (i) lack of historically-informed understanding of population-health sensitivity to climatic changes; (ii) an instinctual ‘epidemiologising’ tendency to choose research topics amenable to conventional epidemiological analysis and risk estimation; and (iii) under-confidence in relation to interdisciplinary collaborative scenario-based modeling of future health risks. These constraints must be recognized and remedied. And environmental researchers must argue for heightened public attention to today’s macro-environmental threats to present and future population health—emphasising the ecological dimension of these determinants of long-term health that apply to whole populations and communities, not just to individuals and social groupings.
Keywords: climate change; health; public health; research; history; modeling; policy; Goldilocks climate change; health; public health; research; history; modeling; policy; Goldilocks
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

McMichael, A.J. Impediments to Comprehensive Research on Climate Change and Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 6096-6105.

AMA Style

McMichael AJ. Impediments to Comprehensive Research on Climate Change and Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(11):6096-6105.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McMichael, Anthony J. 2013. "Impediments to Comprehensive Research on Climate Change and Health." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 11: 6096-6105.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert