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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 3360-3374; doi:10.3390/ijerph110303360
Article

Implementing Cargo Movement into Climate Based Risk Assessment of Vector-Borne Diseases

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Received: 28 November 2013; in revised form: 5 March 2014 / Accepted: 10 March 2014 / Published: 20 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health)
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Abstract: During the last decades the disease vector Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has rapidly spread around the globe. Global shipment of goods contributes to its permanent introduction. Invaded regions are facing novel and serious public health concerns, especially regarding the transmission of formerly non-endemic arboviruses such as dengue and chikungunya. The further development and potential spread to other regions depends largely on their climatic suitability. Here, we have developed a tool for identifying and prioritizing European areas at risk for the establishment of Aedes albopictus by taking into account, for the first time, the freight imports from this mosquito’s endemic countries and the climate suitability at harbors and their surrounding regions. In a second step we consider the further transport of containers by train and inland waterways because these types of transport can be well controlled. We identify European regions at risk, where a huge amount of transported goods meet climatically suitable conditions for the disease vector. The current and future suitability of the climate for Aedes albopictus was modeled by a correlative niche model approach and the Regional Climate Model COSMO-CLM. This risk assessment combines impacts of globalization and global warming to improve effective and proactive interventions in disease vector surveillance and control actions.
Keywords: Asian tiger mosquito; global change; globalization; global warming; health hazards; invasive species Asian tiger mosquito; global change; globalization; global warming; health hazards; invasive species
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Thomas, S.M.; Tjaden, N.B.; van den Bos, S.; Beierkuhnlein, C. Implementing Cargo Movement into Climate Based Risk Assessment of Vector-Borne Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 3360-3374.

AMA Style

Thomas SM, Tjaden NB, van den Bos S, Beierkuhnlein C. Implementing Cargo Movement into Climate Based Risk Assessment of Vector-Borne Diseases. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(3):3360-3374.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thomas, Stephanie M.; Tjaden, Nils B.; van den Bos, Sanne; Beierkuhnlein, Carl. 2014. "Implementing Cargo Movement into Climate Based Risk Assessment of Vector-Borne Diseases." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 3: 3360-3374.


Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert