Next Article in Journal
Prevalence of Breastfeeding: Findings from the First Health Service Household Interview in Hunan Province, China
Next Article in Special Issue
Perceptions of Health Co-Benefits in Relation to Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions: A Survey among Urban Residents in Three Chinese Cities
Previous Article in Journal
Relationship between Sedentariness and Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity in Youth: A Multivariate Multilevel Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Heat or Cold: Which One Exerts Greater Deleterious Effects on Health in a Basin Climate City? Impact of Ambient Temperature on Mortality in Chengdu, China
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(2), 147; doi:10.3390/ijerph14020147

Examining the Effects of Ambient Temperature on Pre-Term Birth in Central Australia

1
Northern Institute, Charles Darwin University, Ellengowan Dr., Casuarina, NT 0810, Australia
2
Menzies School of Health Research, Rocklands Drive, Casuarina, NT 0810, Australia
3
School of Computer Science, Engineering and Mathematics, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jan C. Semenza
Received: 12 December 2016 / Revised: 23 January 2017 / Accepted: 30 January 2017 / Published: 4 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Climate Change and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2174 KB, uploaded 4 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Preterm birth (born before 37 completed weeks of gestation) is one of the leading causes of death among children under 5 years of age. Several recent studies have examined the association between extreme temperature and preterm births, but there have been almost no such studies in arid Australia. In this paper, we explore the potential association between exposures to extreme temperatures during the last 3 weeks of pregnancy in a Central Australian town. An immediate effect of temperature exposure is observed with an increased relative risk of 1%–2% when the maximum temperature exceeded the 90th percentile of the summer season maximum temperature data. Delayed effects are also observed closer to 3 weeks before delivery when the relative risks tend to increase exponentially. Immediate risks to preterm birth are also observed for cold temperature exposures (0 to –6 °C), with an increased relative risk of up to 10%. In the future, Central Australia will face more hot days and less cold days due to climate change and hence the risks posed by extreme heat is of particular relevance to the community and health practitioners. View Full-Text
Keywords: indigenous; climate change; preterm birth; arid; desert; remote indigenous; climate change; preterm birth; arid; desert; remote
Figures

Figure 1a

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mathew, S.; Mathur, D.; Chang, A.B.; McDonald, E.; Singh, G.R.; Nur, D.; Gerritsen, R. Examining the Effects of Ambient Temperature on Pre-Term Birth in Central Australia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 147.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top