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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(2), 188; doi:10.3390/ijerph13020188

Impacts of Climatic Variability on Vibrio parahaemolyticus Outbreaks in Taiwan

1
Department of Food Science, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Beining Road, Keelung 202, Taiwan
2
Institute of Applied Economics, National Taiwan Ocean University, 2 Beining Road, Keelung 202, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jan C. Semenza
Received: 18 November 2015 / Revised: 28 December 2015 / Accepted: 14 January 2016 / Published: 3 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Climate Change and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3420 KB, uploaded 3 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate and quantify the relationship between climate variation and incidence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Taiwan. Specifically, seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models (including autoregression, seasonality, and a lag-time effect) were employed to predict the role of climatic factors (including temperature, rainfall, relative humidity, ocean temperature and ocean salinity) on the incidence of V. parahaemolyticus in Taiwan between 2000 and 2011. The results indicated that average temperature (+), ocean temperature (+), ocean salinity of 6 months ago (+), maximum daily rainfall (current (−) and one month ago (−)), and average relative humidity (current and 9 months ago (−)) had significant impacts on the incidence of V. parahaemolyticus. Our findings offer a novel view of the quantitative relationship between climate change and food poisoning by V. parahaemolyticus in Taiwan. An early warning system based on climate change information for the disease control management is required in future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vibrio parahaemolyticus; food poisoning; outbreak; climate; variability; Taiwan Vibrio parahaemolyticus; food poisoning; outbreak; climate; variability; Taiwan
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hsiao, H.-I.; Jan, M.-S.; Chi, H.-J. Impacts of Climatic Variability on Vibrio parahaemolyticus Outbreaks in Taiwan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 188.

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