Next Article in Journal
LBMR: Load-Balanced Multipath Routing for Wireless Data-Intensive Transmission in Real-Time Medical Monitoring
Next Article in Special Issue
Working with Climate Projections to Estimate Disease Burden: Perspectives from Public Health
Previous Article in Journal
Children’s Personal Exposure Measurements to Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields in Italy
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring the Climate Change, Migration and Conflict Nexus
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(6), 551; doi:10.3390/ijerph13060551

A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Burden of Heat-Related Illness and Death within the Florida Population

1
Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
2
Florida Department of Health, Public Health Research Unit, Tallahassee, FL 32399, USA
3
Pennsylvania Department of Health, Bureau of Epidemiology, Harrisburg, PA 17120, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jan C. Semenza
Received: 23 April 2016 / Revised: 22 May 2016 / Accepted: 25 May 2016 / Published: 31 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Climate Change and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3640 KB, uploaded 31 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

The failure of the human body to thermoregulate can lead to severe outcomes (e.g., death) and lasting physiological damage. However, heat-related illness (HRI) is highly preventable via individual- and community-level modification. A thorough understanding of the burden is necessary for effective intervention. This paper describes the burden of severe HRI morbidity and mortality among residents of a humid subtropical climate. Work-related and non-work-related HRI emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths among Florida residents during May to October (2005–2012) were examined. Sub-groups susceptible to HRI were identified. The age-adjusted rates/100,000 person-years for non-work-related HRI were 33.1 ED visits, 5.9 hospitalizations, and 0.2 deaths, while for work-related HRI/100,000 worker-years there were 8.5 ED visits, 1.1 hospitalizations, and 0.1 deaths. The rates of HRI varied by county, data source, and work-related status, with the highest rates observed in the panhandle and south central Florida. The sub-groups with the highest relative rates regardless of data source or work-relatedness were males, minorities, and rural residents. Those aged 15–35 years had the highest ED visit rates, while for non-work-related hospitalizations and deaths the rates increased with age. The results of this study can be used for targeted interventions and evaluating changes in the HRI burden over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat; surveillance; morbidity; mortality; occupational; subtropical heat; surveillance; morbidity; mortality; occupational; subtropical
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Harduar Morano, L.; Watkins, S.; Kintziger, K. A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Burden of Heat-Related Illness and Death within the Florida Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 551.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top