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Historical Evolution of the Reconstructed Catches of Four Species of the Pagellus Genus for Two Large Marine Ecosystems †

Departamento de Ciencias Agroforestales, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería, Universidad de Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the IX Iberian Congress of Ichthyology, Porto, Portugal, 20–23 June 2022.
Presenting author (oral communication).
Biol. Life Sci. Forum 2022, 13(1), 53;
Published: 7 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The IX Iberian Congress of Ichthyology)


Pagellus acarne, Pagellus bellottii, Pagellus bogaraveo and Pagellus erythrinus are sparids distributed throughout Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs), the Iberian Coastal region (25) and Canary Current region (27). They are target species due to their important commercial value to local and international fleets from three different continents: Africa, Asia and Europe. Given the high exploitation interest of these species, sustainable management of the resource is essential. For this reason, a key element for its implementation is the knowledge of the historical behaviour of catches by geolocalised areas. To this end, marine catches reconstructed in total wet-weight tonnes from 1950 to 2014 from the Sea Around Us database were analysed. A total of 2,058,172.60 tn of species of the Pagellus genus were caught for the entire region, of which 83.20% (1,712,552.21 tn) corresponded to the Canary Current area and the remaining 16.79% (345,620.38 tn) to the Coastal Iberian area. The dominant area was Canary Current; its catches were higher than those of the Coastal Iberian area, with an annual average percentage of 78.21%. Overall, the fishery showed a negative trend of −511.37 tn/year. In terms of species, 61.52% of the catches were of Pagellus bellottii (1,266,219.36 tn), 20.04% of Pagellus sp (not identified at species level, only to genus) (412,482.53 tn), 8.91% of Pagellus erythrinus (183,434.67 tn), 6.74% of Pagellus bogaraveo (138,717.29 tn) and the remaining 2.78% of Pagellus acarne (57,318.74 tn). Our results suggest the existence of important variations in the reconstructed catches of the four species analysed in two large marine ecosystems, showing an overall decreasing behaviour. Canary Current was undoubtedly the region with the highest fishing pressure during the 65 years analysed and Pagellus bellotii was the dominant species in the Current Canary region and in the whole region. This multispecies analysis presented could help the development of sustainable management protocols by providing insight into the historical evolution and status of the reconstructed catches for large marine ecosystems.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization and formal analysis, V.S.-F. and J.C.G.-E.; methodology, software, data curation, visualization and writing—original draft preparation, V.S.-F.; validation, investigation and writing—review and editing, V.S.-F., J.C.G.-E. and I.P.-C.; resources and supervision, J.C.G.-E. and I.P.-C.; project administration and funding acquisition, J.C.G.-E. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This research was funded by the Government of Spain Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities with a FPU fellowship, grant number (FPU17/04298).

Institutional Review Board Statement

Not applicable.

Informed Consent Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

All data are available from Data was downloaded on 11 March and 1 April 2019 with version 47.1 Sea Around Us database.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Publisher’s Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sanz-Fernández, V.; Gutiérrez-Estrada, J.C.; Pulido-Calvo, I. Historical Evolution of the Reconstructed Catches of Four Species of the Pagellus Genus for Two Large Marine Ecosystems. Biol. Life Sci. Forum 2022, 13, 53.

AMA Style

Sanz-Fernández V, Gutiérrez-Estrada JC, Pulido-Calvo I. Historical Evolution of the Reconstructed Catches of Four Species of the Pagellus Genus for Two Large Marine Ecosystems. Biology and Life Sciences Forum. 2022; 13(1):53.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanz-Fernández, Víctor, Juan Carlos Gutiérrez-Estrada, and Inmaculada Pulido-Calvo. 2022. "Historical Evolution of the Reconstructed Catches of Four Species of the Pagellus Genus for Two Large Marine Ecosystems" Biology and Life Sciences Forum 13, no. 1: 53.

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