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Article

Pandemic Growth and Benfordness: Empirical Evidence from 176 Countries Worldwide

1
School of Business and Management, IU International University, 10247 Berlin, Germany
2
Sydney Medical School, Nepean Clinical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2747, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dimitrios Paraskevis, Maria Yavropoulou and Sotirios Tsiodras
COVID 2021, 1(1), 366-383; https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1010031
Received: 14 August 2021 / Revised: 8 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 13 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Burden of COVID-19 in Different Countries)
In the battle against the Coronavirus, over 190 territories and countries independently work on one end goal: to stop the pandemic growth. In this context, a tidal wave of data has emerged since the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis. Extant research shows that the pandemic data are partially reliable. Only a small group of nations publishes reliable records on COVID-19 incidents. We collected global data from 176 countries and explored the causal relationship between average growth ratios and progress in the reliability of pandemic data. Furthermore, we replicated and operationalized the results of prior studies regarding the conformity of COVID-19 data to Benford’s law. Our outcomes confirm that the average growth rates of new cases in the first nine months of the Coronavirus pandemic explain improvement or deterioration in Benfordness and thus reliability of COVID-19 data. We found significant evidence for the notion that nonconformity to BL rises by the growth of new cases in the initial phases of outbreaks. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; growth theory; infodemic; forensic; data analysis; Benford’s law COVID-19; growth theory; infodemic; forensic; data analysis; Benford’s law
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MDPI and ACS Style

Farhadi, N.; Lahooti, H. Pandemic Growth and Benfordness: Empirical Evidence from 176 Countries Worldwide. COVID 2021, 1, 366-383. https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1010031

AMA Style

Farhadi N, Lahooti H. Pandemic Growth and Benfordness: Empirical Evidence from 176 Countries Worldwide. COVID. 2021; 1(1):366-383. https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1010031

Chicago/Turabian Style

Farhadi, Noah, and Hooshang Lahooti. 2021. "Pandemic Growth and Benfordness: Empirical Evidence from 176 Countries Worldwide" COVID 1, no. 1: 366-383. https://doi.org/10.3390/covid1010031

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