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Proceeding Paper

The Air Quality during the Confinement and Coronavirus 2020–2021 Period: The Case of Tunisia †

Institut National de la Météorologie, B.P. 156, Tunis-Carthage 2035, Tunisia
Presented at the 4th International Electronic Conference on Atmospheric Sciences, 16–31 July 2021; Available online https://ecas2021.sciforum.net/.
Academic Editor: Anthony R. Lupo
Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 8(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/ecas2021-10328
Published: 22 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 4th International Electronic Conference on Atmospheric Sciences)
At the end of 2019, the first case of coronavirus (COVID-19) was reported in Wuhan, China. A month later, that epidemic turned into a national crisis, with infected individuals diagnosed all over China. In early March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the Wuhan epidemic had turned into a global pandemic. Many European countries had started to experience several cases affected by this coronavirus, which was known to be highly contagious. The WHO launched several recommendations to curb the spread of this virus and called for general confinement establishment in the affected countries. Tunisia quickly took this step on 22 March 2020 and announced immediate general confinement for two weeks, renewable according to the test results. Factories were closed to limit human damage. International flights were halted and the majority of government and private services were halted except minimum and emergency services. Following these successive events, the air quality improved markedly during the confinement period. NASA scientists say the reduction in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution first appeared near Wuhan, Northern Italy, and France, and they experienced a reduction of nearly 50% of their NO2 emissions during this first confinement period (March–April 2020); NO2 emissions were reduced by almost 30% in China. In Tunisia, NO2, sulfur dioxide (SO2) and carbon monoxide (CO) showed a remarkable decrease in the north and the center of Tunisia of more than 40% during this period, mainly linked to the reduction in emissions from road traffic and industries. Additionally, these pollutant gas concentrations were reduced by nearly 50% during the third pandemic wave, during the period of January–April 2021. Consequently, the air quality has improved significantly in Tunisia and around the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemic; activities; coronavirus; meteorological; Tunisia; pollution; air; health; pollutant COVID-19; pandemic; activities; coronavirus; meteorological; Tunisia; pollution; air; health; pollutant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arif, A. The Air Quality during the Confinement and Coronavirus 2020–2021 Period: The Case of Tunisia. Environ. Sci. Proc. 2021, 8, 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecas2021-10328

AMA Style

Arif A. The Air Quality during the Confinement and Coronavirus 2020–2021 Period: The Case of Tunisia. Environmental Sciences Proceedings. 2021; 8(1):9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecas2021-10328

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arif, Abderrazak. 2021. "The Air Quality during the Confinement and Coronavirus 2020–2021 Period: The Case of Tunisia" Environmental Sciences Proceedings 8, no. 1: 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ecas2021-10328

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