Next Article in Journal
Could We Stop Killing?—Exploring a Post-Lethal Vegan or Vegetarian Agriculture
Previous Article in Journal
Is Malaysia Ready for Sustainable Energy? Exploring the Attitudes toward Solar Energy and Energy Behaviors in Malaysia
Open AccessArticle

Enhancing Urban Sustainable Indicators in a German City—Towards Human-Centered Measurements for Sustainable Urban Planning

1
Institute of Geography and Geoecology (IfGG), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
2
Institute of Geography, Heidelberg University, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World 2020, 1(2), 104-123; https://doi.org/10.3390/world1020009
Received: 20 May 2020 / Revised: 9 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 August 2020 / Published: 10 August 2020
This contribution demonstrates how more human-centered measurements for sustainable urban planning can be created by enlarging the traditional set of urban sustainability indicators. In many municipal reports, sustainable indicators concentrate on environmental issues, by collecting data at an aggregated spatial and temporal level using quantitative methods. Our approach aims to expand and improve the currently dominant quantitative–statistical methods by including perception geographical data (subjective indicators following the social indicator approach), namely additional indicators at spatial and temporal levels. Including small-scale city district levels and a temporal differentiation produces more process assessments and a better representation of everyday life. Based on a survey we conducted at district levels in the city of Karlsruhe, we cover three sustainability dimensions (ecological, social, economic) and analyze (1) how citizens are mobile in a sustainable way (bike use) and (2) how they perceive and react to heat events in the city. We argue for taking people’s perception and the spatiality and temporality of their daily activities better into account when further developing urban sustainability indicators and when aiming for a sustainable, human-centered urban development. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; sustainability indicators; urban districts; citizens’ perceptions; urban planning sustainability; sustainability indicators; urban districts; citizens’ perceptions; urban planning
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kramer, C.; Wagner, M. Enhancing Urban Sustainable Indicators in a German City—Towards Human-Centered Measurements for Sustainable Urban Planning. World 2020, 1, 104-123.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop