Next Article in Journal
Social Support Is Related to the Use of Adaptive Emotional Regulation Strategies in Ecuadorian Adolescents in Foster Care
Previous Article in Journal
Correcting the Correction: A Revised Formula to Estimate Partial Correlations between True Scores
Article

Adaptation and Validation of a Short Acculturation Scale in a Multi-Ethnic Asian Population

1
Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore 117549, Singapore
2
Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore 539747, Singapore
3
Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Psych 2021, 3(1), 25-38; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3010004
Received: 9 November 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
The Short Acculturation Scale (SAS) has been widely used for assessing the level of the acculturation of migrants in Western countries. However, the validity of SAS for use in cosmopolitan settings without a single prevailing culture is unclear. We examined the validity and reliability of a version of the SAS adapted to a multi-ethnic Asian society. We used cross-sectional data from 12,610 Singaporean citizens and permanent residents, aged 21–75 years, of Chinese, Malay, and Indian ethnicity. Our version used 11 items, with 5 questions on language use, 3 on media use, and 3 on ethnic social relations, to measure acculturation. Our version of the SAS had good internal consistency. The three-factor CFA model had a good fit to our data. The results from the multiple group CFA supported metric invariance and partial scalar invariance across the three ethnic groups. The total score was positively correlated with generation in Singapore and the number of languages spoken. Among first generation immigrants, country of origin, but not the duration of residence was significantly associated with the acculturation score. Our three-factor version of the SAS is a reliable and valid tool for measuring acculturation in Singapore residents. These findings indicate that adapted SAS can be used to assess acculturation in multicultural settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: confirmatory factor analysis (CFA); acculturation; validation; short acculturation scale (SAS); cultural orientation confirmatory factor analysis (CFA); acculturation; validation; short acculturation scale (SAS); cultural orientation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Park, S.H.; Abdin, E.; Nan, L.; Subramaniam, M.; Tan, L.W.L.; van Dam, R.M. Adaptation and Validation of a Short Acculturation Scale in a Multi-Ethnic Asian Population. Psych 2021, 3, 25-38. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3010004

AMA Style

Park SH, Abdin E, Nan L, Subramaniam M, Tan LWL, van Dam RM. Adaptation and Validation of a Short Acculturation Scale in a Multi-Ethnic Asian Population. Psych. 2021; 3(1):25-38. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3010004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Su H., Edimansyah Abdin, Luo Nan, Mythily Subramaniam, Linda W.L. Tan, and Rob M. van Dam 2021. "Adaptation and Validation of a Short Acculturation Scale in a Multi-Ethnic Asian Population" Psych 3, no. 1: 25-38. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych3010004

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop