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Open AccessArticle

The EmojiGrid as a Tool to Assess Experienced and Perceived Emotions

1
Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO, 3769 DE Soesterberg, The Netherlands
2
Research Group Human Media Interaction, University of Twente, 7522 NB Enschede, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Psych 2019, 1(1), 469-481; https://doi.org/10.3390/psych1010036
Received: 3 August 2019 / Revised: 5 September 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 14 September 2019
In a recent study on food-evoked emotions, we observed that people often misunderstood the currently available affective self-report tools. We, therefore, developed a new intuitive and language-independent self-report instrument called the EmojiGrid: a rectangular response grid labeled with facial icons (emoji) that express different degrees of valence and arousal. We found that participants intuitively and reliably reported their affective appraisal of food by clicking on the EmojiGrid, even without verbal instructions. In this study, we investigated whether the EmojiGrid can also serve as a tool to assess one’s own (experienced) emotions and perceived emotions of others. In the first experiment, participants (N = 90) used the EmojiGrid to report their own emotions, evoked by affective images from a database with corresponding normative ratings (obtained with a 9-point self-assessment mannikin scale). In the second experiment, participants (N = 61) used the EmojiGrid to report the perceived emotional state of persons shown in different affective situations, in pictures from a database with corresponding normative ratings (obtained with a 7-point Likert scale). For both experiments, the affective (valence and arousal) ratings obtained with the EmojiGrid show excellent agreement with the data provided in the literature (intraclass correlations of at least 0.90). Also, the relation between valence and arousal shows the classic U-shape at the group level. Thus, the EmojiGrid appears to be a useful graphical self-report instrument for the assessment of evoked and perceived emotions. View Full-Text
Keywords: EmojiGrid; Nencki Affective Picture System (NAPS); PiSCES picture database; emoji; valence; arousal EmojiGrid; Nencki Affective Picture System (NAPS); PiSCES picture database; emoji; valence; arousal
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Toet, A.; van Erp, J.B. The EmojiGrid as a Tool to Assess Experienced and Perceived Emotions. Psych 2019, 1, 469-481.

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  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.17605/OSF.IO/4V7ZQ
    Link: https://osf.io/4v7zq
    Description: EmojiGrid validation studies. Own and perceived emotions
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