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Article

Prospective Fault Displacement Hazard Assessment for Leech River Valley Fault Using Stochastic Source Modeling and Okada Fault Displacement Equations

1
Department of Earth Sciences, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
2
Department of Statistical & Actuarial Sciences, Western University, London, ON N6A 3K7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paolo Boncio
GeoHazards 2022, 3(2), 277-293; https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards3020015
Received: 18 March 2022 / Revised: 19 May 2022 / Accepted: 20 May 2022 / Published: 21 May 2022
In this study, an alternative method for conducting probabilistic fault displacement hazard analysis is developed based on stochastic source modeling and analytical formulae for evaluating the elastic dislocation due to an earthquake rupture. It characterizes the uncertainty of fault-rupture occurrence in terms of its position, geometry, and slip distribution and adopts so-called Okada equations for the calculation of fault displacement on the ground surface. The method is compatible with fault-source-based probabilistic seismic hazard analysis and can be implemented via Monte Carlo simulations. The new method is useful for evaluating the differential displacements caused by the fault rupture at multiple locations simultaneously. The proposed method is applied to the Leech River Valley Fault located in the vicinity of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada. Site-specific fault displacement and differential fault displacement hazard curves are assessed for multiple sites within the fault-rupture zone. The hazard results indicate that relatively large displacements (∼0.5 m vertical uplift) can be expected at low probability levels of 10−4. For critical infrastructures, such as bridges and pipelines, quantifying the uncertainty of fault displacement hazard is essential to manage potential damage and loss effectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: fault displacement; stochastic source modeling; Okada equations; probabilistic method; Leech River Valley Fault fault displacement; stochastic source modeling; Okada equations; probabilistic method; Leech River Valley Fault
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goda, K.; Shoaeifar, P. Prospective Fault Displacement Hazard Assessment for Leech River Valley Fault Using Stochastic Source Modeling and Okada Fault Displacement Equations. GeoHazards 2022, 3, 277-293. https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards3020015

AMA Style

Goda K, Shoaeifar P. Prospective Fault Displacement Hazard Assessment for Leech River Valley Fault Using Stochastic Source Modeling and Okada Fault Displacement Equations. GeoHazards. 2022; 3(2):277-293. https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards3020015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goda, Katsuichiro, and Parva Shoaeifar. 2022. "Prospective Fault Displacement Hazard Assessment for Leech River Valley Fault Using Stochastic Source Modeling and Okada Fault Displacement Equations" GeoHazards 3, no. 2: 277-293. https://doi.org/10.3390/geohazards3020015

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