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Open AccessArticle

Optimal DG Placement to Find Optimal Voltage Profile Considering Minimum DG Investment Cost in Smart Neighborhood

1
Power Control Center (PCC), Tehran Metro, Tehran Urban and Suburban Railway Operation Co, Tehran 11318-13131, Iran
2
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Shiraz University of Technology, Shiraz 71557-13876, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Smart Cities 2019, 2(2), 328-344; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities2020020
Received: 18 May 2019 / Revised: 14 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
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Abstract

Distributed Generations (DGs) have a productive capacity of tens of kilowatts to several megawatts, which are used to produce electrical energy at close proximity to consumers, which of the types of DGs can be named solar cells and Photovoltaics (PVs), fuel cells, micro turbines, wind power plants, and etc. If such kinds of power plants are connected to the network in optimal places, they will have several positive effects on the system, such as reducing network losses, improving the voltage profile, and increasing network reliability. The lack of optimal placement of DGs in the network will increase the costs of energy production and losses in transmission lines. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize the location of such DGs in the network so that the number of DGs, installation locations, and their capacity are determined to which the maximum reduction in network losses occurs. Besides, by applying an appropriate objective function, the evolutionary algorithm can find the optimal location of renewable units with respect to the constraints of the issue. In this paper, the Genetic Algorithm (GA) and the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm are used to address the placement of wind and photovoltaic generators simultaneously in two states: With and without considering the effects of greenhouse gas emission. In this regard, first, an analytical method for optimal DG (wind and PV) placement is presented, then, the proposed approach is applied over a real study case, and the simulation carried out using the MATLAB program; hence, the placement problem was solved using GA and PSO and implemented in the IEEE 33-bus radial distribution system. The obtained results were compared and analyzed. The results of the simulation show the improvement of the voltage profile and the reduction of losses in the network. View Full-Text
Keywords: Distributed Generations (DG) placement; renewable energy resources; power system; Genetic algorithm (GA); Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm Distributed Generations (DG) placement; renewable energy resources; power system; Genetic algorithm (GA); Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm
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Fathi, M.; Ghiasi, M. Optimal DG Placement to Find Optimal Voltage Profile Considering Minimum DG Investment Cost in Smart Neighborhood. Smart Cities 2019, 2, 328-344.

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