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The Contribution of Non-Food-Based Exposure to Gluten on the Management of Coeliac Disease
Open AccessReview

An Overview of International Guidelines Focusing on the Long-Term Management of Coeliac Disease

by Sophie W. Hall 1,2 and Andrew S. Day 2,*
Nutrition and Dietetics, Christchurch Hospital, Christchurch 8014, New Zealand
Department of Paediatrics, University of Otago Christchurch, Christchurch 8014, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Gastrointest. Disord. 2020, 2(2), 152-163;
Received: 16 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 10 June 2020 / Published: 12 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coeliac Disease)
Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder characterised by, but not isolated to, intestinal enteropathy in response to exposure to gluten in predisposed individuals. The mainstay of the management of CD is a strict, lifelong gluten free diet (GFD). Although numerous publications have focused on pathways to guide the diagnosis of CD, recommendations for the care of patients after diagnosis are less well established. This manuscript aimed to review the available published guidelines focusing on the ongoing management and follow-up of patients after diagnosis with CD and commencement of a GFD. All available guidelines recommend strict adherence to a GFD with most recommending an annual review by a specialist clinician, focusing on symptoms, adherence and growth. In addition to monitoring micronutrient status, some guidelines suggest monitoring bone mineral density in at-risk groups and screening for other autoimmune disorders. The benefit of multi-disciplinary input was outlined in many guidelines, in particular, the involvement of a specialist dietitian to provide nutritional counselling and support. While the available guidelines provide key messages, they highlight a lack of strong evidence and some inconsistences. Further evidence is required to support high quality, best-practice management strategies that will optimise the outcomes of patients with CD. View Full-Text
Keywords: coeliac disease; gluten-free diet; monitoring; outcomes; guidelines coeliac disease; gluten-free diet; monitoring; outcomes; guidelines
MDPI and ACS Style

Hall, S.W.; Day, A.S. An Overview of International Guidelines Focusing on the Long-Term Management of Coeliac Disease. Gastrointest. Disord. 2020, 2, 152-163.

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