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Public Water Supply and Sanitation Authorities for Strategic Sustainable Domestic Water Management. A Case of Iringa Region In Tanzania

by Mesia Lufingo 1,2
1
Department of Water and Environmental Science and Engineering, Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Arusha P.O. Box 447, Tanzania
2
Iringa Water Quality Laboratory, Department of Water Quality Services, Ministry of Water, Iringa P.O. Box 570, Tanzania
J 2019, 2(4), 449-466; https://doi.org/10.3390/j2040029
Received: 2 August 2019 / Revised: 11 October 2019 / Accepted: 14 October 2019 / Published: 18 October 2019
Water supply is a mandatory service for the majority from respective legal public water utilities, and its sustainability reflects implementations of best management strategies at a local level. The objectives of this study were (i) to assess current approaches used in water quality and quantity management and (ii) propose a sustainable domestic water management strategy. This was achieved through secondary water data trends, on-site water quality assessments, visits of water supply and sanitation authorities, and assessment of their performances. It was observed that water supplied in rural-based authorities was quite different from that supplied in an urban setting as far as quality and quantity are concerned; urban-based supplies are more affordable to users than rural ones. A new strategy on water management is presented for sustainable water supply; it is based on controlling groundwater abstractions and preference of surface water in public water supplies. Rural water supply management must learn several practices realized in urban supplies for the betterment of services for the majority of the users. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-owned water supply organization (COWSO); domestic water management strategy; water quality; water quantity; water supply and sanitation authority (WSSA) community-owned water supply organization (COWSO); domestic water management strategy; water quality; water quantity; water supply and sanitation authority (WSSA)
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Lufingo, M. Public Water Supply and Sanitation Authorities for Strategic Sustainable Domestic Water Management. A Case of Iringa Region In Tanzania. J 2019, 2, 449-466.

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