Next Article in Journal
Phosphate Sorption Speciation and Precipitation Mechanisms on Amorphous Aluminum Hydroxide
Next Article in Special Issue
What is the Best Inference Trajectory for Mapping Soil Functions: An Example of Mapping Soil Available Water Capacity over Languedoc Roussillon (France)
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
How and to What Extent Does Topography Control the Results of Soil Function Assessment: A Case Study From the Alps in South Tyrol (Italy)
Open AccessArticle

Digital Mapping of Habitat for Plant Communities Based on Soil Functions: A Case Study in the Virgin Forest-Steppe of Russia

1
V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Science Institute, Pyzhyovskiy lane 7 building 2, Moscow 109017, Russia
2
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskiye Gory, 1, Moscow 119234, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Soil Syst. 2019, 3(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/soilsystems3010019
Received: 14 December 2018 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 9 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Soil Mapping of Soil Functions)
The spatial structure of the habitat for plant communities based on soil functions in virgin forest-steppe of the Central Russian Upland is the focus of this study. The objectives include the identification of the leading factors of soil function variety and to determine the spatial heterogeneity of the soil function. A detailed topographic survey was carried out on a key site (35 hectares), 157 soil, and 34 geobotanical descriptions were made. The main factor of soil and plant cover differentiation is the redistribution of soil moisture along the microrelief. Redistributed runoff value was modelled in SIMWE and used as a tool for spatial prediction of soils due to their role in a habitat for plant communities’ functional context. The main methods of the study are the multidimensional scaling and discriminant analysis. We model the composition of plant communities (accuracy is 95%) and Reference Soil Group (accuracy is 88%) due to different soil moisture conditions. There are two stable soil habitat types: mesophytic communities on the Phaeozems (with additional water runoff more than 80 mm) and xerophytic communities on Chernozems (additional runoff less than 55 mm). A transitional type corresponded to xero- mesophytic communities on the Phaeozems with 55–80 mm additional redistributed runoff value. With acceptable accuracy, the habitat for natural plant communities based on soil function model predicts the position of contrastingly different components of biota in relation to their soil moisture requirements within the virgin forest-steppe of the Central Russian Upland. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chernozems; Phaeozems; Central Chernozem Reserve; predictive soil mapping Chernozems; Phaeozems; Central Chernozem Reserve; predictive soil mapping
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lozbenev, N.; Smirnova, M.; Bocharnikov, M.; Kozlov, D. Digital Mapping of Habitat for Plant Communities Based on Soil Functions: A Case Study in the Virgin Forest-Steppe of Russia. Soil Syst. 2019, 3, 19.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop