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Article

Potential COVID-19 Outbreak in Fire Camp: Modeling Scenarios and Interventions

1
Rocky Mountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Fort Collins, CO 80526, USA
2
Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
3
Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 27 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 1 August 2020
The global COVID-19 pandemic will pose unique challenges to the management of wildland fire in 2020. Fire camps may provide an ideal setting for the transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. However, intervention strategies can help minimize disease spread and reduce the risk to the firefighting community. We developed a COVID-19 epidemic model to highlight the risks posed by the disease during wildland fire incidents. Our model accounts for the transient nature of the population on a wildland fire incident, which poses unique risks to the management of communicable diseases in fire camps. We used the model to assess the impact of two types of interventions: the screening of a firefighter arriving on an incident, and social distancing measures. Our results suggest that both interventions are important to mitigate the risks posed by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. However, screening is relatively more effective on short incidents, whereas social distancing is relatively more effective during extended campaigns. We conclude with a discussion of model limitations and potential extensions to the model. View Full-Text
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; wildland fire; workforce capacity; suppression; risk SARS-CoV-2; wildland fire; workforce capacity; suppression; risk
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thompson, M.P.; Bayham, J.; Belval, E. Potential COVID-19 Outbreak in Fire Camp: Modeling Scenarios and Interventions. Fire 2020, 3, 38. https://doi.org/10.3390/fire3030038

AMA Style

Thompson MP, Bayham J, Belval E. Potential COVID-19 Outbreak in Fire Camp: Modeling Scenarios and Interventions. Fire. 2020; 3(3):38. https://doi.org/10.3390/fire3030038

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thompson, Matthew P., Jude Bayham, and Erin Belval. 2020. "Potential COVID-19 Outbreak in Fire Camp: Modeling Scenarios and Interventions" Fire 3, no. 3: 38. https://doi.org/10.3390/fire3030038

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