Previous Article in Journal
Spatial, Temporal and Electrical Characteristics of Lightning in Reported Lightning-Initiated Wildfire Events
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Fire Temperature Based on the Time and Resistance of Buildings—Predicting the Adoption of Fire Safety Measures

1
DIAEE—Area Fisica Tecnica, Facoltà di Ingegneria Civile ed Industriale, Università degli Studi di Roma “Sapienza”, 00184 Rome, Italy
2
Facoltà di Ingegneria della Sicurezza e Protezione Civile, Università degli Studi di Roma “Sapienza”, 00184 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 March 2019 / Revised: 31 March 2019 / Accepted: 4 April 2019 / Published: 10 April 2019
  |  
PDF [2290 KB, uploaded 10 April 2019]
  |  

Abstract

During a fire in enclosed spaces, having structures with a good level of resistance is very important. The post flashover fire time interval, during which rescue squads operate, is important to verify if the structure can still resist fire for an acceptable time interval. This can be determined through the REI value. Hence, the way the fire develops must be examined together with the trend of the temperature that might guarantee that the structure will resist the heat flux released during the combustion. This article examines and compares, through a case study, the most important methods for analysis of the fire risk: the prescriptive approach and the simplified performance-based approach. The performance-based method (more suitable for the actual planning demand with respect to the more cautious prescriptive approach) is affected by the parameters influencing its development. The goal of this article is to provide a graph (based on parameters like the type of building, opening factor “O” and fire load “q”) that might be used by designers and architects to carry out the planning phase and adopt fire prevention systems before dealing with the assessments required by the engineering field for the fire risk analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: parametric study; prescriptive approach; performance approach; REI; time-temperature curve; fire prevention measures parametric study; prescriptive approach; performance approach; REI; time-temperature curve; fire prevention measures
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Santarpia, L.; Bologna, S.; Ciancio, V.; Golasi, I.; Salata, F. Fire Temperature Based on the Time and Resistance of Buildings—Predicting the Adoption of Fire Safety Measures. Fire 2019, 2, 19.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fire EISSN 2571-6255 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top