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Shoreline Displacement, Coastal Environments and Human Subsistence in the Hanö Bay Region during The Mesolithic

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Department of Geology, Lund University, Sölvegatan 12, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
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Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Lund University, Box 192, 221 00 Lund, Sweden
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The Archaeologists, National Historical Museums, Odlarevägen 5, 226 60 Lund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Quaternary 2019, 2(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/quat2010014
Received: 18 December 2018 / Revised: 4 March 2019 / Accepted: 11 March 2019 / Published: 19 March 2019
Southern Scandinavia experienced significant environmental changes during the early Holocene. Shoreline displacement reconstructions and results from several zooarchaeological studies were used to describe the environmental changes and the associated human subsistence and settlement development in the Hanö Bay region of southern Sweden during the Mesolithic. GIS-based palaeogeographic reconstructions building on shoreline displacement records from eastern Skåne and western Blekinge together with a sediment sequence from an infilled coastal lake were used to describe the environmental changes during five key periods. The results show a rapid transformation of the coastal landscape during the Mesolithic. During this time, the investigated coastal settlements indicate a shift towards a more sedentary lifestyle and a subsistence focused on large-scale freshwater fishing. The development of permanent settlements coincided with an extended period of coastline stability and the development of rich coastal environments in a more closed forest vegetation. This study provides a regional synthesis of the shoreline displacement, coastal landscape dynamics and settlement development during the Mesolithic. It also demonstrates a new way of combining zooarchaeological and palaeoecological approaches, which can produce multi-faceted and highly resolved palaeoenvironmental reconstructions in a wide range of settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: southern Scandinavia; Hanö Bay; Mesolithic; shoreline displacement; coastal environments; subsistence; sedentism southern Scandinavia; Hanö Bay; Mesolithic; shoreline displacement; coastal environments; subsistence; sedentism
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Hansson, A.; Boethius, A.; Hammarlund, D.; Lagerås, P.; Magnell, O.; Nilsson, B.; Nilsson Brunlid, A.; Rundgren, M. Shoreline Displacement, Coastal Environments and Human Subsistence in the Hanö Bay Region during The Mesolithic. Quaternary 2019, 2, 14.

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