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Progress in Experimental and Theoretical Evaluation Methods for Textile Permeability

Laboratoire des Systèmes Mécaniques et d’Ingénierie Simultanée (LASMIS), Université de Technologie de Troyes, Troyes 10300, France
Faculty of Engineering, Lebanese University, Hadath campus, Beirut 14/6573, Lebanon
Chair on Composites of High Performance, Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Compos. Sci. 2019, 3(3), 73;
Received: 9 May 2019 / Revised: 30 June 2019 / Accepted: 2 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
PDF [9289 KB, uploaded 10 July 2019]


A great amount of attention has been given to the evaluation of the permeability tensor and several methods have been implemented for this purpose: experimental methods, as well as numerical and analytical methods. Numerical simulation tools are being seriously developed to cover the evaluation of permeability. However, the results are still far from matching reality. On the other hand, many problems still intervene in the experimental measurement of permeability, since it depends on several parameters including personal performance, preparation of specimens, equipment accuracy, and measurement techniques. Errors encountered in these parameters may explain why inconsistent measurements are obtained which result in unreliable experimental evaluation of permeability. However, good progress was done in the second international Benchmark, wherein a method to measure the in-plane permeability was agreed on by 12 institutes and universities. Critical researchers’ work was done in the field of analytical methods, and thus different empirical and analytical models have emerged, but most of those models need to be improved. Some of which are based on Cozeny-Karman equation. Others depend on numerical simulation or experiment to predict the macroscopic permeability. Also, the modeling of permeability of unidirectional fiber beds have taken the greater load of concern, whereas that of fiber bundle permeability prediction remain limited. This paper presents a review on available methods for evaluating unidirectional fiber bundles and engineering fabric permeability. The progress of each method is shown in order to clear things up. View Full-Text
Keywords: review; textile permeability; fiber permeability review; textile permeability; fiber permeability

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Karaki, M.; Younes, R.; Trochu, F.; Lafon, P. Progress in Experimental and Theoretical Evaluation Methods for Textile Permeability. J. Compos. Sci. 2019, 3, 73.

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J. Compos. Sci. EISSN 2504-477X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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