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Local Food Systems under a Global Influence: How Should We Holistically Assess Evolving Food Systems? †

UMR 7206 Eco-Anthropologie (CNRS, MNHN, Université Paris-Cité), 75116 Paris, France
UAR 3456 LEEISA (CNRS, Université de Guyane, IFREMER), Cayenne 97300, French Guiana
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, LEHNA UMR 5023, CNRS, ENTPE, 69518 Vaulx-en-Velin, France
Biodiverse Anthropocenes Profiling Program, History, Culture, and Communication Studies Research Unit, Faculty of Humanities, University of Oulu, Linnanmaa, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
Department of Ecosystem Services, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research—UFZ, Permoserstr. 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
UMR 7268 ADES, Faculté de Médecine Nord, Boulevard Pierre Dramard, 13344 Marseille cedex 16, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 14th European Nutrition Conference FENS 2023, Belgrade, Serbia, 14–17 November 2023.
Proceedings 2023, 91(1), 420;
Published: 1 April 2024
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The 14th European Nutrition Conference FENS 2023)


In order to comprehend the impact of globalization on local food systems, it is crucial to consider sociohistorical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural trajectories, accompanied by long-term and cross-sectional monitoring. To achieve this objective, it is necessary to develop research protocols that enable the comparative evaluation of diets from the perspective of dietetics and nutrition, as well as local representations of food. Within the framework of an interdisciplinary and international OHM (Human-Environment Observatories) research network, a multidisciplinary team of researchers specializing in ethnoecology, health, nutrition, ecotoxicology, anthropology, and sociology was assembled. The network’s role is to conduct long-term studies on human-influenced ecosystems that are susceptible to socio-ecosystemic crises, such as those related to food and health. The consortium comprised researchers working within five OHMs, namely Estarreja (Portugal), Téssékéré (Senegal), Littoral-Caraïbes (Guadeloupe, France), Oyapock (French Guiana, France), and Nunavik (Québec, Canada), which focus on five distinct socio-ecosystems. Results: A cross-sectional data collection protocol was developed, consisting of a two-part questionnaire. Part 1 involves a structured 24 h dietary recall (24HR) that deviates from standard 24 h questionnaires by excluding portion sizes, instead focusing on food acquisition strategies and the degree of food item transformation. Part 2 encompasses a semi-structured interview guide that explores the concept of "eating well," barriers and facilitators to achieving it, changes in diet and dietary habits, and the connection between diet and health. This questionnaire captures, in a single session, the food items that individuals consumed the previous day, including their origin and level of transformation, as well as the associated perceptions regarding those food items and the overall diet. This approach enables the collection of data that facilitate the assessment of factors influencing diet from both the researchers’ point of view (i.e., etic perspective) and that of local populations (i.e., emic perspective). The questionnaire thus adopts a holistic approach, enabling us to analyze the links that populations establish between the socio-ecosystemic crises they have undergone (or are currently undergoing), their health and the evolution of their food systems.

Author Contributions

M.R. and P.D. wrote and prepared the original draft. The following authors contributed to writing the synthesis and providing resources for the presentation of the OHM with which they are associated: D.D. for OHM-Oyapock; R.R. for OHM-Littoral Caraïbes; T.H. for OHM-Nunavik; J.-P.B. for OHM-Estarreja; and P.D. for OHM-Téssékéré. All authors were implicated in the review and editing process. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.


This work was carried out within the framework of the OHM-Téssékéré, OHM-Nunavik, OHM-Estarreja, OHM-Oyapock and OHM-Littoral Caraïbes and benefited from state funding managed by the French National Research Agency under the LabEx DRIIHM “Investing in the Future Program” (reference # ANR-11-LABX-0010).

Institutional Review Board Statement

The study did not require ethical approval from the French National Research Agency.

Informed Consent Statement

Not applicable.

Data Availability Statement

The questionnaire presented in this study is openly available in Nakala at (accessed on 27 February 2024). Generated data will be added as soon as they have been curated.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rapinski, M.; Raymond, R.; Davy, D.; Bedell, J.-P.; Herrmann, T.; Duboz, P. Local Food Systems under a Global Influence: How Should We Holistically Assess Evolving Food Systems? Proceedings 2023, 91, 420.

AMA Style

Rapinski M, Raymond R, Davy D, Bedell J-P, Herrmann T, Duboz P. Local Food Systems under a Global Influence: How Should We Holistically Assess Evolving Food Systems? Proceedings. 2023; 91(1):420.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rapinski, Michael, Richard Raymond, Damien Davy, Jean-Philippe Bedell, Thora Herrmann, and Priscilla Duboz. 2023. "Local Food Systems under a Global Influence: How Should We Holistically Assess Evolving Food Systems?" Proceedings 91, no. 1: 420.

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