Next Article in Journal
Curcumin-in-Cyclodextrins-in-Liposomes: An Alternative for Osteoarthritis Treatment
Previous Article in Journal
Abstracts of the Second Urban Sound Symposium
 
 
Proceeding Paper

Kumquat (Fortunella margarita): A Good Alternative for the Ingestion of Nutrients and Bioactive Compounds †

1
Department of Nutrition and Health, Federal University of Viçosa, Avenida P.H. Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa 36571-000, MG, Brazil
2
Health Center, Federal University of Ouro Preto, University Campus, Morro do Cruzeiro. s/n, Ouro Preto 35400-000, MG, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 1st International Electronic Conference on Food Science and Functional Foods, 10–25 November 2020; Available online: https://foods_2020.sciforum.net/.
Proceedings 2021, 70(1), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods_2020-07590
Published: 9 November 2020
Citrus fruit is preferred in the choice of consumers. Kumquat (F. margarita) is an unconventional citrus of increasing consumer interest because of its exotic flavor, and its functional potential that offers health benefits to consumers. It is a fruit traditionally consumed by whole fruit (peel and pulp), giving this fruit a distinctive flavor. For this reason, this study analyzed the physical, chemical, and nutritional characteristics of kumquat (peel and pulp). The physicochemical analysis was performed according to the Adolfo Lutz Institute. Analysis of moisture, ashes, macronutrients, and total dietary fiber was carried out according to AOAC. Minerals were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Vitamins C and E, carotenoids and flavonoids were analyzed by HPLC. Phenolic compounds (Folin-Ciocalteu) and antioxidant capacity (DPPH) were determined by spectrophotometry. The kumquat had low pH, soluble solids content and low caloric value. It was a source of dietary fiber, minerals (K, Ca, P, Mg) and carotenoids; the most expressive was α-carotene (661.81 μg 100 g−1). The ascorbic acid concentration was 2326.24 μg 100 g−1. α-tocopherol (569.00 μg 100 g−1) was the most expressive component of vitamin E. There was a presence of apigenin and eriodictyol. The fruit (peel and pulp) has a high concentration of total phenolic compounds (98.55 ± 1.93 mg GAE 100 g−1) and good antioxidant capacity (62%) was found. Kumquat is a good source of fiber and vitamin A, and due to its antioxidant capacity and the presence of other essential and beneficial nutrients for a diet, consumption of kumquat can be suggested to complement the diet. This fruit is a viable food alternative, and its consumption should be encouraged, contributing a source of income, sovereignty, and food security. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant; alternative food; citrus; exotic fruit; phenolics; vitamins antioxidant; alternative food; citrus; exotic fruit; phenolics; vitamins
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Souza, C.S.e.; Anunciação, P.C.; Lucia, C.M.D.; Dôres, R.G.R.d.; Milagres, R.C.R.d.M.; Sant’Ana, H.M.P. Kumquat (Fortunella margarita): A Good Alternative for the Ingestion of Nutrients and Bioactive Compounds. Proceedings 2021, 70, 105. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods_2020-07590

AMA Style

Souza CSe, Anunciação PC, Lucia CMD, Dôres RGRd, Milagres RCRdM, Sant’Ana HMP. Kumquat (Fortunella margarita): A Good Alternative for the Ingestion of Nutrients and Bioactive Compounds. Proceedings. 2021; 70(1):105. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods_2020-07590

Chicago/Turabian Style

Souza, Clarice Silva e, Pamella Cristine Anunciação, Ceres Mattos Della Lucia, Rosana Gonçalves Rodrigues das Dôres, Regina Célia Rodrigues de Miranda Milagres, and Helena Maria Pinheiro Sant’Ana. 2021. "Kumquat (Fortunella margarita): A Good Alternative for the Ingestion of Nutrients and Bioactive Compounds" Proceedings 70, no. 1: 105. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods_2020-07590

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop