Next Article in Journal
Australian Native Plant Foods and Their Contribution to Diet Diversity
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluation of Personal Exposure to Air Pollutants and Estimation of the Inhaled Dose for Commuters in the Urban Area of Milan, Italy
Proceeding Paper

Using Agent-Based Modeling to Understand the Emergence and Reproduction of Social Inequalities in Health †

1
Department of Biomedicine, Biotechnology, and Public Health, University of Cadiz, 11009 Cadiz, Spain
2
University Institute of Research and Innovation in Biomedical Sciences of Cadiz (INiBICA), 11009 Cadiz, Spain
3
University Institute of Research in Social Sustainable Development (INDESS), University of Cadiz, 11406 Cadiz, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 2nd International Electronic Conference on Environmental Health Sciences, 4–29 November 2019; Available online: https://iecehs-2.sciforum.net/.
Proceedings 2020, 44(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/IECEHS-2-06372
Published: 1 November 2019
Studies on social inequalities in health present contradictory findings when they attempt to describe and identify the complex societal mechanisms that give rise to poor health outcomes and health inequalities. This work aims to study the mechanism of reproduction of health inequalities among different population groups using agent-based modeling. We combine evidence-based knowledge and survey data to set the simulation model. Our initial findings show that the combination of the most adverse contextual conditions (i.e., negative environmental exposure and the absence of health-care provision) combined with extreme social inequalities in health might increase mortality drastically. The model suggests that, although poor health outcomes may emerge through the action of individual determinants, social inequalities generally emerge and reproduce through non-linear associations and complex multivariate data structures.
Keywords: social inequalities; socio-economic status; health inequalities; agent-based models; emergence; complex systems social inequalities; socio-economic status; health inequalities; agent-based models; emergence; complex systems
MDPI and ACS Style

Alvarez-Galvez, J.; Suarez-Lledo, V. Using Agent-Based Modeling to Understand the Emergence and Reproduction of Social Inequalities in Health. Proceedings 2020, 44, 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/IECEHS-2-06372

AMA Style

Alvarez-Galvez J, Suarez-Lledo V. Using Agent-Based Modeling to Understand the Emergence and Reproduction of Social Inequalities in Health. Proceedings. 2020; 44(1):2. https://doi.org/10.3390/IECEHS-2-06372

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alvarez-Galvez, Javier, and Victor Suarez-Lledo. 2020. "Using Agent-Based Modeling to Understand the Emergence and Reproduction of Social Inequalities in Health" Proceedings 44, no. 1: 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/IECEHS-2-06372

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop