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Open AccessProceedings

Finite Element Model of an Impact on a Palmar Pad from a Snowboard Wrist Protector

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Sports Engineering TEAM, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
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School of Healthcare Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
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Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S60 5TZ, UK
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Centre for Sports Engineering Research, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield S10 2LX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 12th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 26–29 March 2018.
Proceedings 2018, 2(6), 314; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2060314
Published: 22 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of The Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association)
Wrist injuries are the most common types of injury in snowboarding. Protectors can reduce injury risk by limiting wrist hyperextension and attenuating impact forces. There are a range of wrist protector concepts available, but it is unclear if any particular design is more effective. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a finite element model of an impact on the palmar pad from a protector. Pad material from a protector was characterised to obtain stress vs strain data, and determine whether it was rate dependent. Material data was implemented into a finite element model to predict impact behavior at 2.5 J. Four material models were investigated, with an Ogden model paired with a Prony series providing the best agreement to experimental data. Future work will build a model of a complete protector for predicting the protective levels of these products.
Keywords: snowboarding; injury; wrist protectors; finite element modelling; impact testing snowboarding; injury; wrist protectors; finite element modelling; impact testing
MDPI and ACS Style

Newton-Mann, C.; Winwood, K.; Driscoll, H.; Hamilton, N.; Allen, T. Finite Element Model of an Impact on a Palmar Pad from a Snowboard Wrist Protector. Proceedings 2018, 2, 314.

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