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Proceedings 2018, 2(6), 244; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2060244

Influence of Toe-Hang vs. Face-Balanced Putter Design on Golfer Applied Kinetics

1
Department of Human Kinetics, St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, NS B2G 2L9, Canada
2
PING, Phoenix, AZ 85029, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 12th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, 26–29 March 2018.
Published: 23 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of ISEA 2018)
PDF [983 KB, uploaded 31 July 2018]

Abstract

The influence of the location of the center of mass (cm) of the putter head, relative to the shaft, on golfer applied kinetics at the grip was investigated. Participants made 12 attempts at a straight up-hill (2.2° slope) 8 ft putt with half of the attempts executed using a PING Anser 4 toe-hang putter (TH) and half with an Anser 5 face-balanced putter (FB). The net torque applied by the golfer, acting about the long axis of the shaft, was significantly greater in magnitude with the TH putter in comparison to the FB putter. The TH putter was also associated with a higher angular velocity about the shaft and a more open face at impact. These findings may have important implications for fitting the style of putter to a particular stroke or individual golfer as golfer applied kinetics would be strongly associated with the ‘feel’ of a putter.
Keywords: golf; putting; kinetics; kinematics; forces; torques; putter; inverse dynamics golf; putting; kinetics; kinematics; forces; torques; putter; inverse dynamics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MacKenzie, S.; Henrikson, E. Influence of Toe-Hang vs. Face-Balanced Putter Design on Golfer Applied Kinetics. Proceedings 2018, 2, 244.

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