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Proceedings 2018, 2(25), 1558; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2251558

Flow Cytometry and FTIR Spectroscopy for Detection of Early Apoptosis in Human T Cells

1
Center for Drug R&D and Pharmacokinetic Applications, Ege University, Izmir 35100, Turkey
2
Molecular Immunology Laboratory, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Izmir Institute of Technology, Izmir 35430, Turkey
Presented at the 2nd International Cell Death Research Congress, Izmir, Turkey, 1–4 November 2018.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 6 December 2018
PDF [313 KB, uploaded 6 December 2018]

Abstract

Apoptosis, a programmed cell death, has a vital role in various cellular processes. Apoptotic cells exhibit morphological and biochemical changes, detected by a variety of assays (caspases, mitochondrial dyes, DNA laddering). Flow cytometry is a powerful tool for detection of apoptotic cell death and allows information about the cell size and molecules associated with cell-bound antibodies. Recently, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy as rapid and low-cost tool has been extensively used for cellular studies, providing information on cellular structures. The aim of this study was to detect early apoptosis and obtain further insights into the capability of FTIR spectroscopy, comparing the results with flow cytometry. In this study, apoptotic cell death was induced in human Jurkat T cells with Camptothecin (CPT), a DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor. Cells were cultured with 4µM CPT in RPMI (with 5% FCS) for 24 h. Immunoflourescence labeling for multicolor flow cytometry was accomplished with Annexin V concomitantly with 7-AAD. The same cells were also analyzed with ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. Flow cytometry data represents that the cells are Annexin V positive but 7AAD negative. This indicates that cells are in the early apoptotic stage, only externalization of phosphatidylserine exists on the plasma membrane. FTIR data reveals that membrane phospholipids and proteins undergo changes; fatty acid acyl chains are disordered and increased in mobility after treatment, which result from the early apoptosis process after CPT-treatment, confirmed by the flow cytometry. A combined study of flow cytometry and FTIR spectroscopy for analysis of apoptosis in human T cells exhibited compatible and complementary results. Existence of biophysical and biochemical changes in T cells after treatment were also demonstrated.
Keywords: human T cells; apoptosis; flow cytometry; FTIR spectroscopy human T cells; apoptosis; flow cytometry; FTIR spectroscopy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Güler, G.; Nalbant, A. Flow Cytometry and FTIR Spectroscopy for Detection of Early Apoptosis in Human T Cells. Proceedings 2018, 2, 1558.

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