Next Article in Journal
Application of SPR Analysis for Detection of Specific Antibodies in Human Blood Serum
Previous Article in Journal
Proximity and Contact Sensing with Instrumented Compliant Wrist for Close Guidance of Robotic Manipulators
Article Menu
Issue 2 (ECSA-3 2016) cover image

Article Versions

Export Article

Open AccessProceedings
Proceedings 2017, 1(2), 32;

On the Use of PZT-Patches as Exciters in Modal Analysis: Application to Submerged Structures

CDIF-UPC, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
Presented at the 3rd International Electronic Conference on Sensors and Applications, 15–30 November 2016; Available online:
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 14 November 2016
PDF [540 KB, uploaded 30 June 2017]


Modal Analysis is an experimental technique widely used to determine the dynamic response of structures. One of the most critical part is the selection of the actuator that will excite the tested structure. In many cases, traditional exciters, such as hammers and shakers, have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, these exciters may have the disadvantage of modifying the modal parameters (as reported in some cases) and they are difficult to be used when the structure is not accessible (confined and/or submerged). For these cases PZT-patches, that are very light structures (compared to the tested structure), have been recently used as exciters. Although, in the analyzed studies the natural frequencies of the structure have been determined using PZTs, the rest of parameters that determine the FRF (Frequency response Function) have been not obtained. This could be, because the calibration of PZTs as dynamic force transducers is a complicated task and not an information given by the manufacturers, as in other exciters used for the same purpose. This paper analyzes experimentally and analytically the use of PZT-patches as exciters for modal analysis. For this purpose, a tested structure is excited in different ways with a PZT and its response is compared with a reference case, obtained with a classical exciter. Analyses show how to obtain different modal parameters that determine the FRF of the structure, without previous calibration of the PZT. Finally, and in order to show the potential advantages of these exciters for inaccessible structures, the procedure is repeated for the same structure submerged in water, showing that PZT are much more appropriated exciters in these cases.
Keywords: PZT actuators; Modal Analysis; exciters; submerged structures PZT actuators; Modal Analysis; exciters; submerged structures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Presas, A.; Valentin, D.; Egusquiza, E.; Valero, C.; Egusquiza, M.; Bossio, M. On the Use of PZT-Patches as Exciters in Modal Analysis: Application to Submerged Structures. Proceedings 2017, 1, 32.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Proceedings EISSN 2504-3900 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top