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Deep Neural Network Analysis for Environmental Study of Coral Reefs in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba)

1
The Mina and Everard Goodman Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 5290002, Israel
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Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 5290002, Israel
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Department of Computer Science, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 5290002, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Min Chen
Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2021, 5(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5020019
Received: 15 March 2021 / Revised: 27 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 30 April 2021
Coral reefs are undergoing a severe decline due to ocean acidification, seawater warming and anthropogenic eutrophication. We demonstrate the applicability of Deep Learning (DL) for following these changes. We examined the distribution and frequency appearance of the eleven most common coral species at four sites in the Gulf of Eilat. We compared deep learning with conventional census methods. The methods used in this research were natural sampling units via photographing the coral reef, line transects for estimating the cover percentage at the four test sites and deep convolutional neural networks, which proved to be an efficient sparse classification for coral species using the supervised deep learning method. The main research goal was to identify the common coral species at four test sites in the Gulf of Eilat, using DL to detect differences in coral cover and species composition among the sites, and relate these to ecological characteristics, such as depth and anthropogenic disturbance. The use of this method will produce a vital database to follow changes over time in coral reefs, identify trend lines and recommend remediation measures accordingly. We outline future monitoring needs and the corresponding system developments required to meet these. View Full-Text
Keywords: coral reef; marine ecosystem; deep learning; coral species; classification; machine learning and networks coral reef; marine ecosystem; deep learning; coral species; classification; machine learning and networks
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MDPI and ACS Style

Raphael, A.; Dubinsky, Z.; Netanyahu, N.S.; Iluz, D. Deep Neural Network Analysis for Environmental Study of Coral Reefs in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). Big Data Cogn. Comput. 2021, 5, 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5020019

AMA Style

Raphael A, Dubinsky Z, Netanyahu NS, Iluz D. Deep Neural Network Analysis for Environmental Study of Coral Reefs in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). Big Data and Cognitive Computing. 2021; 5(2):19. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5020019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Raphael, Alina, Zvy Dubinsky, Nathan S. Netanyahu, and David Iluz. 2021. "Deep Neural Network Analysis for Environmental Study of Coral Reefs in the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba)" Big Data and Cognitive Computing 5, no. 2: 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/bdcc5020019

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