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Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2017, 2(3), 11;

A CFD-Based Throughflow Method with Three-Dimensional Flow Features Modelling

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Florence, via S. Marta, 3-50139 Florence, Italy
This paper is an extended version of our paper in Proceedings of the European Turbomachinery Conference ETC12, 2017, Paper No. 329.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Colin Scrivener
Received: 29 March 2017 / Revised: 16 June 2017 / Accepted: 16 June 2017 / Published: 24 June 2017
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The paper describes the development and validation of a novel computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based throughflow model. It is based on the axisymmetric Euler equations with tangential blockage and body forces and inherits its numerical scheme from a state-of-the-art CFD solver (TRAF code). Secondary and tip leakage flow features are modelled in terms of Lamb–Oseen vortices and a body force field. Source and sink terms in the governing equations are employed to model tip leakage flow effects. A realistic distribution of entropy in the meridional and spanwise directions is proposed in order to compute dissipative forces on the basis of a distributed loss model. The applications are mainly focused on turbine configurations. First, a validation of the secondary flow modelling is carried out by analyzing a linear cascade based on the T106 blade section. Then, the throughflow procedure is used to analyze the transonic CT3 turbine stage studied in the framework of the TATEF2 (Turbine Aero-Thermal External Flows) European program. The performance of the method is evaluated by comparing predicted operating characteristics and spanwise distributions of flow quantities with experimental data. View Full-Text
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics; Throughflow method; Secondary flows; Tip leakage flows Computational fluid dynamics; Throughflow method; Secondary flows; Tip leakage flows

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Pacciani, R.; Marconcini, M.; Arnone, A. A CFD-Based Throughflow Method with Three-Dimensional Flow Features Modelling. Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2017, 2, 11.

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