Next Article in Journal
Blood Lead Levels and Subsequence Risk of Malaria in the African Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Next Article in Special Issue
Hantaviruses in Agricultural and Forestry Workers: Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in Italian Physicians
Previous Article in Journal
A Review of the Environmental Trigger and Transmission Components for Prediction of Cholera
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Cluster of Plasmodium ovale Infections in Belgian Military Personnel after Deployment in Kindu, Democratic Republic of Congo: A Retrospective Study
Review

Tuberculosis in Adolescents and Young Adults: Emerging Data on TB Transmission and Prevention among Vulnerable Young People

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
2
The Ryan White Center for Pediatric Infectious Disease and Global Health, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
3
Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
4
Global Health Center, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19146, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Constantinos Tsioutis and Spyridon Karageorgos
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2021, 6(3), 148; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6030148
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 31 July 2021 / Published: 5 August 2021
Adolescents and young adults (AYA, ages 10–24 years) comprise a uniquely important but understudied population in global efforts to end tuberculosis (TB), the leading infectious cause of death by a single agent worldwide prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. While TB prevention and care strategies often overlook AYA by grouping them with either children or adults, AYA have particular physiologic, developmental, and social characteristics that require dedicated approaches. This review describes current evidence on the prevention and control of TB among AYA, including approaches to TB screening, dynamics of TB transmission among AYA, and management challenges within the context of unique developmental needs. Challenges are considered for vulnerable groups of AYA such as migrants and refugees; AYA experiencing homelessness, incarceration, or substance use; and AYA living with HIV. We outline areas for needed research and implementation strategies to address TB among AYA globally. View Full-Text
Keywords: screening; transmission; schools; adherence; retention in care; youth-friendly services screening; transmission; schools; adherence; retention in care; youth-friendly services
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Laycock, K.M.; Enane, L.A.; Steenhoff, A.P. Tuberculosis in Adolescents and Young Adults: Emerging Data on TB Transmission and Prevention among Vulnerable Young People. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2021, 6, 148. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6030148

AMA Style

Laycock KM, Enane LA, Steenhoff AP. Tuberculosis in Adolescents and Young Adults: Emerging Data on TB Transmission and Prevention among Vulnerable Young People. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease. 2021; 6(3):148. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6030148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Laycock, Katherine M., Leslie A. Enane, and Andrew P. Steenhoff. 2021. "Tuberculosis in Adolescents and Young Adults: Emerging Data on TB Transmission and Prevention among Vulnerable Young People" Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease 6, no. 3: 148. https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed6030148

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop