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Dengue in New Caledonia: Knowledge and Gaps

Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Institut Pasteur International Network, URE Dengue et Arboviroses, Noumea 98845, New Caledonia
Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Institut Pasteur International Network, Unité d’Epidémiologie, Noumea 98845, New Caledonia
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, UMR ENTROPIE 9220. IRD, CNRS, UR, Noumea 98800, New Caledonia
Institut Pasteur de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Institut Pasteur International Network, URE Entomologie médicale, Noumea 98845, New Caledonia
Direction des Affaires Sanitaires et Sociales de Nouvelle-Calédonie, Service de Santé Publique, Noumea 98800, New Caledonia
Centre Hospitalier Territorial Gaston-Bourret, Service de Médecine interne, Dumbea-Sur-Mer 98835, New Caledonia
Centre Hospitalier Territorial Gaston-Bourret, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Dumbea-Sur-Mer 98835, New Caledonia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(2), 95;
Received: 21 May 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epidemiology of Dengue: Past, Present and Future)
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Arboviruses are viruses transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquito vectors. Over the last decade, arbovirus circulation has increasingly been detected in New Caledonia (NC), a French island territory located in the subtropical Pacific region. Reliable epidemiological, entomological, virological and climate data have been collected in NC over the last decade. Here, we describe these data and how they inform arboviruses’ epidemiological profile. We pinpoint areas which remain to be investigated to fully understand the peculiar epidemiological profile of arbovirus circulation in NC. Further, we discuss the advantages of conducting studies on arboviruses dynamics in NC. Overall, we show that conclusions drawn from observations conducted in NC may inform epidemiological risk assessments elsewhere and may be vital to guide surveillance and response, both in New Caledonia and beyond. View Full-Text
Keywords: arbovirus; epidemiology; risk assessment; Pacific; climate arbovirus; epidemiology; risk assessment; Pacific; climate

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Inizan, C.; Tarantola, A.; O’Connor, O.; Mangeas, M.; Pocquet, N.; Forfait, C.; Descloux, E.; Gourinat, A.-C.; Pfannstiel, A.; Klement-Frutos, E.; Menkes, C.; Dupont-Rouzeyrol, M. Dengue in New Caledonia: Knowledge and Gaps. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 95.

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