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Open AccessArticle

Cost of Caregivers for Treating Hospitalized Diarrheal Patients in Bangladesh

1
Health Economics and Financing Research, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b), 68, Shaheed Tajuddin Sarani, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
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Department of Management Science, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0QU, UK
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School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Melbourne, Burwood VIC 3125, Australia
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Nutrition and Clinical Services Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
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School of Commerce, and Centre for Health, Informatics and Economic Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba QLD 4350, Australia
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Department of Clinical Sciences, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4010005
Received: 15 November 2018 / Revised: 15 December 2018 / Accepted: 19 December 2018 / Published: 26 December 2018
Introduction: Diarrheal diseases are a global public health problem and one of the leading causes of mortality, morbidity and economic loss. The objective of the study is to estimate the economic cost of caregivers and cost distribution per diarrheal episodes in Bangladesh. Methods: This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study conducted in public hospitals in Bangladesh. A total of 801 diarrheal patients were randomly selected and interviewed during January to December 2015. Simple descriptive statistics including frequencies, percentage, mean with 95% CI and median are presented. Results: The overall average cost of caregivers was BDT 2243 (US$ 28.58) while only BDT 259 (US$ 3.29) was spent as out of pocket payments. Caregivers mostly spent money (US$ 1.63) for food, lodging, utility bills, and other lump sum costs followed by the transportation costs (US$ 1.57). The caregivers spent more (US$ 44.45) when they accompanied the patients who were admitted in inpatients care and almost 3.6 times higher than for out-patients care (US$ 12.42). Conclusions: The study delivers an empirical evidence to the health-care programmers and policy makers about the economic cost of caregivers during diarrheal treatment care, which should be accounted for in designing future diarrheal prevention programme. View Full-Text
Keywords: caregiver; diarrheal disease; indirect cost; out of pocket payment; Bangladesh caregiver; diarrheal disease; indirect cost; out of pocket payment; Bangladesh
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Sarker, A.R.; Sultana, M.; Ali, N.; Akram, R.; Alam, K.; Khan, J.A.; Morton, A. Cost of Caregivers for Treating Hospitalized Diarrheal Patients in Bangladesh. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 5.

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