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How Can Operational Research Help to Eliminate Tuberculosis in the Asia Pacific Region?

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International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 68 Boulevard Saint Michel, 75006 Paris, France
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London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
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International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, South-East Asia Office, C-6 Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi 110016, India
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Yenepoya Medical College, Yenepoya (Deemed to be University), University Road, Deralakatte, Mangalore 575018, India
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International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, No.1 Xindong Road, Beijing 100600, China
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Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Disease (TDR), World Health Organization, Avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(1), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4010047
Received: 14 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 12 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tuberculosis Elimination in the Asia-Pacific)
Broad multi-sectoral action is required to end the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic by 2030 and this includes National TB Programmes (NTPs) fully delivering on quality-assured diagnostic, treatment and preventive services. Large implementation gaps currently exist in the delivery of these services, which can be addressed and closed through the discipline of operational research. This paper outlines the TB disease burden and disease-control programme implementation gaps in the Asia-Pacific region; discusses the key priority areas in diagnosis, treatment and prevention where operational research can be used to make a difference; and finally provides guidance about how best to embed operational research within a TB programme setting. Achieving internationally agreed milestones and targets for case finding and treatment requires the NTP to be streamlined and efficient in the delivery of its services, and operational research provides the necessary evidence-based knowledge and support to allow this to happen. View Full-Text
Keywords: operational research; tuberculosis; Asia Pacific; diagnosis; treatment; prevention; SORT IT operational research; tuberculosis; Asia Pacific; diagnosis; treatment; prevention; SORT IT
MDPI and ACS Style

Harries, A.D.; Kumar, A.M.V.; Satyanarayana, S.; Thekkur, P.; Lin, Y.; Dlodlo, R.A.; Zachariah, R. How Can Operational Research Help to Eliminate Tuberculosis in the Asia Pacific Region? Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4, 47.

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