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Accessible Digital Musical Instruments—A Review of Musical Interfaces in Inclusive Music Practice

KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Lindstedtsvägen 3, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Multimodal Technologies Interact. 2019, 3(3), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/mti3030057
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 25 June 2019 / Published: 26 July 2019
Current advancements in music technology enable the creation of customized Digital Musical Instruments (DMIs). This paper presents a systematic review of Accessible Digital Musical Instruments (ADMIs) in inclusive music practice. History of research concerned with facilitating inclusion in music-making is outlined, and current state of developments and trends in the field are discussed. Although the use of music technology in music therapy contexts has attracted more attention in recent years, the topic has been relatively unexplored in Computer Music literature. This review investigates a total of 113 publications focusing on ADMIs. Based on the 83 instruments in this dataset, ten control interface types were identified: tangible controllers, touchless controllers, Brain–Computer Music Interfaces (BCMIs), adapted instruments, wearable controllers or prosthetic devices, mouth-operated controllers, audio controllers, gaze controllers, touchscreen controllers and mouse-controlled interfaces. The majority of the AMDIs were tangible or physical controllers. Although the haptic modality could potentially play an important role in musical interaction for many user groups, relatively few of the ADMIs (15.6%) incorporated vibrotactile feedback. Aspects judged to be important for successful ADMI design were instrument adaptability and customization, user participation, iterative prototyping, and interdisciplinary development teams. View Full-Text
Keywords: musical instruments; accessibility; digital musical instruments; accessible digital musical instruments; multimodal feedback; assistive music technology musical instruments; accessibility; digital musical instruments; accessible digital musical instruments; multimodal feedback; assistive music technology
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Frid, E. Accessible Digital Musical Instruments—A Review of Musical Interfaces in Inclusive Music Practice. Multimodal Technologies Interact. 2019, 3, 57.

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