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Animals Make Music: A Look at Non-Human Musical Expression

Institute of Media Studies, University of Art and Design Linz, 4020 Linz, Austria
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Multimodal Technol. Interact. 2018, 2(3), 51;
Received: 20 April 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 2 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multimodal Technologies in Animal–Computer Interaction)
The use of musical instruments and interfaces that involve animals in the interaction process is an emerging, yet not widespread practice. The projects that have been implemented in this unusual field are raising questions concerning ethical principles, animal-centered design processes, and the possible benefits and risks for the animals involved. Animal–Computer Interaction is a novel field of research that offers a framework (ACI manifesto) for implementing interactive technology for animals. Based on this framework, we have examined several projects focusing on the interplay between animals and music technology in order to arrive at a better understanding of animal-based musical projects. Building on this, we will discuss how the implementation of new musical instruments and interfaces could provide new opportunities for improving the quality of life for grey parrots living in captivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: ACI; animal music; animal-centered design; metamusic ACI; animal music; animal-centered design; metamusic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gupfinger, R.; Kaltenbrunner, M. Animals Make Music: A Look at Non-Human Musical Expression. Multimodal Technol. Interact. 2018, 2, 51.

AMA Style

Gupfinger R, Kaltenbrunner M. Animals Make Music: A Look at Non-Human Musical Expression. Multimodal Technologies and Interaction. 2018; 2(3):51.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gupfinger, Reinhard, and Martin Kaltenbrunner. 2018. "Animals Make Music: A Look at Non-Human Musical Expression" Multimodal Technologies and Interaction 2, no. 3: 51.

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