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How Lack of Knowledge and Tools Hinders the Eco-Design of Buildings—A Systematic Review

1
Interdisciplinary Research Laboratory on Sustainable Engineering and Ecodesign (LIRIDE), Civil and Building Engineering Department, University of Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1K2R1, Canada
2
Department of Planning, Aalborg University, Rendsburggade 14, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
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Department of Green Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense-M, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Deal
Urban Sci. 2021, 5(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5010020
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 28 January 2021 / Accepted: 3 February 2021 / Published: 7 February 2021
The building sector is responsible for extensive resource consumption and waste generation, resulting in high pressure on the environment. A way to potentially mitigate this is by including environmental considerations during building design through the concept known as eco-design. Despite the multiple available approaches of eco-design, the latter is not easily achieved in the building sector. The objective of this paper is to identify and discuss what barriers are currently hindering the implementation of eco-design in the building sector and by which measures building designers can include environmental considerations in their design process. Through a systematic literature review, several barriers to implementation were identified, the main ones being lack of suitable legislation, lack of knowledge amongst building designers, and lack of suitable tools for designers to use. Furthermore, two specific tools were identified that allow the inclusion of environmental consideration in building design, along with nine design strategies providing qualitative guidance on how to potentially minimize energy and material consumption, as well as waste generation. This paper contributes a holistic overview of the major barriers to and existing tools and method for the eco-design of buildings, and provides guidance for both future research and practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-design; sustainable design; circular economy; life cycle assessment; climate change mitigation; construction industry eco-design; sustainable design; circular economy; life cycle assessment; climate change mitigation; construction industry
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ipsen, K.L.; Pizzol, M.; Birkved, M.; Amor, B. How Lack of Knowledge and Tools Hinders the Eco-Design of Buildings—A Systematic Review. Urban Sci. 2021, 5, 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5010020

AMA Style

Ipsen KL, Pizzol M, Birkved M, Amor B. How Lack of Knowledge and Tools Hinders the Eco-Design of Buildings—A Systematic Review. Urban Science. 2021; 5(1):20. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5010020

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ipsen, Kikki L., Massimo Pizzol, Morten Birkved, and Ben Amor. 2021. "How Lack of Knowledge and Tools Hinders the Eco-Design of Buildings—A Systematic Review" Urban Science 5, no. 1: 20. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci5010020

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