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Article

Surface Urban Heat Island in Middle City: Spatial and Temporal Characteristics

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Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia Goiano, Campus Ceres, Rod. 154, Km 3, Zona Rural, Ceres, Goiás 76300-000, Brazil
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Laboratory of Climatology-Laboclima, Department of Geography, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba 81531-990, Brazil
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Faculty of Philosophy, Literature and Humanities (FFLCH), University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo 05508-080, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2020, 4(4), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040054
Received: 18 September 2020 / Revised: 21 October 2020 / Accepted: 29 October 2020 / Published: 31 October 2020
Currently, cities have aroused the interest of researchers due the local climate change caused by the surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect. The impact of anthropogenic land use and cover changes has led to more frequent intense SUHI, with direct consequences on urban quality of life. Therefore, this research aims at analyzing the influences of natural and anthropogenic variables on the seasonality and spatial SUHI intensity in a Brazilian city, using remote sensing data and analysis of several physical parameters. Results show that the city of São Carlos has an SUHI mosaic and surface urban freshness island (SUFI). On average, 86% of the urban area presented a SUHI, whilst most SUFIs are located near watercourses, parks, slopes and valley bottoms, revealing the effects of green areas and relief on creation of microclimates. The SUHI showed significant seasonal variability. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban climate; spatial modeling; seasonality; planning urban climate; spatial modeling; seasonality; planning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alves, E.; Anjos, M.; Galvani, E. Surface Urban Heat Island in Middle City: Spatial and Temporal Characteristics. Urban Sci. 2020, 4, 54. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040054

AMA Style

Alves E, Anjos M, Galvani E. Surface Urban Heat Island in Middle City: Spatial and Temporal Characteristics. Urban Science. 2020; 4(4):54. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040054

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alves, Elis, Max Anjos, and Emerson Galvani. 2020. "Surface Urban Heat Island in Middle City: Spatial and Temporal Characteristics" Urban Science 4, no. 4: 54. https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci4040054

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