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Article

Physiological and Psychological Responses to Three Distinct Exercise Training Regimens Performed in an Outdoor Setting: Acute and Delayed Response

1
Department of Physical Education and Health, Higher Institute of Physical Education, University of the Republic, Montevideo 11600, Uruguay
2
Neuromuscular Assessment Laboratory, Physical Education School, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas 625-96055630, Brazil
3
Department of Kinesiology, California State University San Marcos, San Marcos, CA 92096-0001, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Cristina Cortis, Andrea Fusco and Carl Foster
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2021, 6(2), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020044
Received: 9 April 2021 / Revised: 15 May 2021 / Accepted: 19 May 2021 / Published: 24 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Evaluation and Prescription-2nd Edition)
The aim of this study was to compare the acute responses to three time-matched exercise regimens. Ten trained adults (age, maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), and body mass index (BMI) = 25.9 ± 5.6 yr, 50.9 ± 5.4 mL·kg−1·min−1, and 22.1 ± 1.8 kg·m−2) completed sprint interval training (SIT) requiring 14 × 5 s efforts with 35 s of recovery, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) consisting of 18 × 15 s efforts at ~90% of peak heart rate (HRpeak) with 15 s of recovery, and vigorous continuous training (CT) consisting of 8.75 min at ~85 %HRpeak, in randomized order. Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, rating of perceived exertion, affective valence, and enjoyment were monitored. Moreover, indices of neuromuscular function, autonomic balance, diet, mental stress, incidental physical activity (PA), and sleep were measured 24 h after each session to analyze the magnitude of recovery. Both HIIT and CT exhibited a greater %HRpeak and time ≥ 90 %HRpeak than SIT (p < 0.05). Blood lactate and rating of perceived exertion were higher in response to SIT and HIIT vs. CT (p < 0.05); however, there were no differences in enjoyment (p > 0.05). No differences were exhibited in any variable assessed along 24 h post-exercise between conditions (p > 0.05). These data suggest that HIIT and CT accumulate the longest duration at near maximal intensities, which is considered a key factor to enhance VO2max. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-intensity interval training; sprint interval training; continuous training; fatigue; recovery high-intensity interval training; sprint interval training; continuous training; fatigue; recovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Benítez-Flores, S.; Magallanes, C.A.; Alberton, C.L.; Astorino, T.A. Physiological and Psychological Responses to Three Distinct Exercise Training Regimens Performed in an Outdoor Setting: Acute and Delayed Response. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2021, 6, 44. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020044

AMA Style

Benítez-Flores S, Magallanes CA, Alberton CL, Astorino TA. Physiological and Psychological Responses to Three Distinct Exercise Training Regimens Performed in an Outdoor Setting: Acute and Delayed Response. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2021; 6(2):44. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020044

Chicago/Turabian Style

Benítez-Flores, Stefano, Carlos A. Magallanes, Cristine Lima Alberton, and Todd A. Astorino. 2021. "Physiological and Psychological Responses to Three Distinct Exercise Training Regimens Performed in an Outdoor Setting: Acute and Delayed Response" Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology 6, no. 2: 44. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6020044

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