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Article

The Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence among Adolescent Female Athletes: A Systematic Review

1
Tamara Rial Exercise & Women’s Health, Newtown, PA 18940, USA
2
Research Group Physiotherapy and Readaptation in Sport, Department of Physiotherapy, Catholic University of Murcia (UCAM), 3010 Murcia, Spain
3
Department of Health and Exercise Science, The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ 08628, USA
4
UIRFIDE (Sport Performance and Physical Fitness Research Group), Department of Physical and Sports Education, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cristina Cortis
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2021, 6(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6010012
Received: 5 January 2021 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 24 January 2021 / Published: 28 January 2021
This review aimed to synthesize the most up-to-date evidence regarding the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) among adolescent female athletes. We conducted a systematic review of studies regarding UI in female athletes less than 19 years of age. This review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRIMSA). The electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Scopus, and Web of Science (WOS) were searched between October and November 2020. After blinded peer evaluation, a total of 215 studies were identified and nine were included. Risk of bias was assessed using the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) checklist. This review identified a prevalence of UI in adolescent female athletes between 18% to 80% with an average of 48.58%. The most prevalent sports were trampolining followed by rope skipping. The prevalence of UI among adolescent female athletes practicing impact sports was significantly prevalent. There is a need for further research, education, and targeted interventions for adolescent female athletes with UI. View Full-Text
Keywords: pelvic floor dysfunction; women’s health; pelvic floor training; youth pelvic floor dysfunction; women’s health; pelvic floor training; youth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rebullido, T.R.; Gómez-Tomás, C.; Faigenbaum, A.D.; Chulvi-Medrano, I. The Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence among Adolescent Female Athletes: A Systematic Review. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2021, 6, 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6010012

AMA Style

Rebullido TR, Gómez-Tomás C, Faigenbaum AD, Chulvi-Medrano I. The Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence among Adolescent Female Athletes: A Systematic Review. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology. 2021; 6(1):12. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6010012

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rebullido, Tamara R., Cinta Gómez-Tomás, Avery D. Faigenbaum, and Iván Chulvi-Medrano. 2021. "The Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence among Adolescent Female Athletes: A Systematic Review" Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology 6, no. 1: 12. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk6010012

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