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Implementing Eccentric Resistance Training—Part 1: A Brief Review of Existing Methods

1
Department of Human Movement Sciences, Carroll University, Waukesha, WI 53186, USA
2
Directorate of Sport, Exercise, and Physiotherapy, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester M6 6PU, UK
3
Kansas City Royals, Kansas City, MO 64129, USA
4
High Performance Sport New Zealand, Mairangi Bay, Auckland 0632, New Zealand
5
Department of Physical Therapy and Human Movement Science, Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, CT 06825, USA
6
Department of Sport, Exercise, and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne M66PU, UK
7
Centre for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup WA 6027, Australia
8
Center of Excellence for Sport Science and Coach Education, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4020038
Received: 28 May 2019 / Revised: 20 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 24 June 2019
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PDF [2101 KB, uploaded 24 June 2019]
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Abstract

The purpose of this review was to provide a physiological rationale for the use of eccentric resistance training and to provide an overview of the most commonly prescribed eccentric training methods. Based on the existing literature, there is a strong physiological rationale for the incorporation of eccentric training into a training program for an individual seeking to maximize muscle size, strength, and power. Specific adaptations may include an increase in muscle cross-sectional area, force output, and fiber shortening velocities, all of which have the potential to benefit power production characteristics. Tempo eccentric training, flywheel inertial training, accentuated eccentric loading, and plyometric training are commonly implemented in applied contexts. These methods tend to involve different force absorption characteristics and thus, overload the muscle or musculotendinous unit in different ways during lengthening actions. For this reason, they may produce different magnitudes of improvement in hypertrophy, strength, and power. The constraints to which they are implemented can have a marked effect on the characteristics of force absorption and therefore, could affect the nature of the adaptive response. However, the versatility of the constraints when prescribing these methods mean that they can be effectively implemented to induce these adaptations within a variety of populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: tempo training; flywheel overload training; accentuated eccentric loading; plyometric training tempo training; flywheel overload training; accentuated eccentric loading; plyometric training
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Suchomel, T.J.; Wagle, J.P.; Douglas, J.; Taber, C.B.; Harden, M.; Haff, G.G.; Stone, M.H. Implementing Eccentric Resistance Training—Part 1: A Brief Review of Existing Methods. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 38.

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