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What Factors Predict Falls in Older Adults Living in Nursing Homes: A Pilot Study

1
College of Professional Studies, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
2
Mendel University In Brno. Zemědělská 1665/1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4010003
Received: 23 October 2018 / Revised: 16 December 2018 / Accepted: 20 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sarcopenia, Muscle Wasting and Exercise)
Background: In community-dwelling older adults, slow gait speed is linked to falls; however, little is known about the use of gait speed to predict falls in nursing home residents. The prevalence of risk factors for falls in nursing home residents is multifactorial. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between falls and multiple factors such as age, sex, gait speed, mobility device, fear of falling, cognitive function, medication, and environmental causes in a nursing home setting. Material and Methods: Participants were recruited from a nursing home. Independent variables such as age, sex, gait speed for 40 feet, use of a mobility device, fear of falls, cognitive function, medication, and environmental causes of falls were measured and recorded. The dependent variable was falls. Participants were followed-up for a period of six months for falls. Falls were documented from the computerized medical records at the facility. Results: Five of the 16 participants had falls in the follow-up period. Exact logistic regression, bivariate analysis, showed no significant relationship between falls and the independent variables of age, sex, gait speed, mobility device, fear of falls, cognitive function, and medication. More than 30% of recorded falls had an environmental cause, which was significant at p = 0.0005. Conclusion: Environmental causes had a significant relationship with falls in nursing home participants. Environment hazard monitoring is therefore important to ensure the safety of nursing home residents. View Full-Text
Keywords: fall; nursing home; gait speed; environmental cause fall; nursing home; gait speed; environmental cause
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Datta, A.; Datta, R.; Elkins, J. What Factors Predict Falls in Older Adults Living in Nursing Homes: A Pilot Study. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 3.

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